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Soil geography and geostatistics
Concepts and Applications

Krasilnikov, P., Carré, F. & Montanarella, L. (eds.)

EUR 23290 EN - 2008

The mission of the Institute for Environment and Sustainability is to provide scientific-technical support to the European Union’s Policies for the protection and sustainable development of the European and global environment. European Commission JointResearch Centre Institute for Environment and Sustainability Contact information Address: TP 280, Via Fermi 1, 21027 Ispra (VA), Italy E-mail: pavel.krasilnikov@gmail.com; florence.carre@jrc.it; luca.montanarella@jrc.it Tel.: +39 0332786546 Fax: +39 0332786394 http://ies.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ http://www.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ Legal Notice Neither the European Commission nor any person acting on behalf of theCommission is responsible for the use which might be made of this publication. Europe Direct is a service to help you find answers to your questions about the European Union Freephone number (*): 00 800 6 7 8 9 10 11
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A great deal of additional information on the European Union is availableon the Internet. It can be accessed through the Europa server http://europa.eu/ JRC 44084 EUR 23290 EN Catalogue number: LB-NA-23290-EN-C ISBN 978-92-79-08720-2 ISSN 1018-5593 Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities c European Communities, 2008 Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged

Printed in Luxembourg

Contents
Introduction Co-authorsChapter 1 Soil science and geostatistics (R. Webster) Chapter 2 Variography of discrete soil properties (P. Krasilnikov) Chapter 3 Spatial variability of forest litters in bilberry spruce forests of Fennoscandia (E. Solomatova, V. Sidorova) Chapter 4 Spatial distribution of the soil properties controlling soil resistance to erosion at a coffee growing farm in Sierra Sur de Oaxaca (N.E. ´ Garc´aCalder´n, Y. Uriostegui Delgado, G. Alvarez Arteaga, A. Ib´nez ı o a˜ Huerta, P. Krasilnikov) Chapter 5 Geostatistical analysis of the spatial structure of acidity and organic carbon in zonal soils of the Russian plain (P. Krasilnikov, V. Sidorova) Chapter 6 Effect of beavers on variability of soil properties in southern Karelia (V. Sidorova, F. Fyodorov) Chapter 7 The use of geostatistical methods formapping soil horizons (V. Sidorova, P. Krasilnikov) Chapter 8 Spatial variability of soil hydro-physical properties: A case study in Herceghalom, Hungary (Cs. Farkas, K. Rajkai, M. Kert´sz, Zs. Bakacsi, e M. van Meirvenne) Chapter 9 The continuum dilemma in pedometrics and pedology (J.-J. Ib´nez, a˜ A. Salda˜a) n Bibliography (V. Sidorova) II IV 1 12 26

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130 148 Introduction
Geostatistics, which can be defined as the tools for studying and predicting the spatial structure of georeferenced variables, have been mainly used in soil science during the past two decades. Since now, hundreds of geostatistical papers have been published on soil science issues (see bibliography ibid., this volume). The use of geostatistical tools in soil science is diverse andextensive. It can be for studying and predicting soil contamination in industrial areas, for building agrochemical maps at the field level, or even to map physical and chemical soil properties for a global extent. The users of the output maps are going from soil scientists to environmental modelers. One of the specificity of geostatistical outputs is the assessment of the spatial accuracy associatedto the spatial prediction of the targeted variable. The results which are quantitative are then associated to a level of confidence which is spatially variable. The spatial accuracy can then be integrated into environmental models, allowing for a quantitative assessment of soil scenarios. Geostatistics are one of the most popular tools of pedometrics (the application of mathematical and...
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