Handbook unhcr

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  • Publicado : 28 de noviembre de 2011
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dMexico’s National Autonomous University Model United Nations
(MONUUNAM 2011)

United Nations High Commission for Refugees
(UNCHR)

President: Janina Márquez Aldave
Faculty of Political and Social Sciences
Moderator: Pamela Sarai Soto Valdivieso
Law School
Conference Officer: Dorena Thais Estrada Pereira
Faculty of Political and Social Sciences

Index

Summary of the United NationsHigh Commission for Refugees (UNHCR)………………………..……p.3-5

Topic A: Conflicts between Asylum Policies and States Domestic Security ……….………………………………….………………...……..p.6-8

Topic B: Reinforcement of Child Refugees Protection…….………. p.9-11

Bibliography and Consulted Sources…………………………….… p.12-14

Chair Members……….………………………………………………p.15-16

United Nations High Commission for Refugees
(UNHCR)According to what is established in article 7 of the Charter of the United Nations, the General Assembly (UNGA) is part of the UN six main organs. It is the main deliberative organ of the UN. Here, all 192 member states are represented and each has the right to vote on equal circumstances on subjects related to international peace and security keeping.
UNGA has always fought for Human Rights’promotion and protection. This is why it has created series of subsidiary organs that extend their advices for aspects that need special attention.
Among this special commissions, we can find the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR). It was created in 1949 after several debates regarding its political implications. UNHCR started operating in January 1951 and its job was supposed toend in a three-year period. Nevertheless, it has been authorized to continue working until it’s objectives are accomplished.
This commission has the faculty to address and coordinate international actions in order to protect and solve problems related to refugees all over the world. Its main objective is to safeguard refugees’ rights and well-being; guarantee their right to ask for asylum and asafe shelter in other country, with the option of voluntarily going back home; local integration or resettlement in a third State.
Throughout history, people have been forced to abandon their origin places searching for safety due to several reasons. It can be said that the refugees and misplaced phenomenon in the 20th century started with the Balkan Wars in 1912, getting worrying dimensions withthe Russian Revolution and its counterrevolution 5 years later. During those years, assistance for refugees and displaced people was in hands of humanitarian organisms, such as the League of the Red Cross Societies.
UNHCR’s central office is contained in the Statute of the Office of the United Nations High Commission for Refugees established in December 14th, 1950 based on Resolution 428 (V) ofUN General Assembly. UNHCR arises thanks to the States’ recognition for working together in order to give refugees the opportunity to have a normal life in a safe environment by repatriation, integration in a country of asylum or resettlement in a third country and also involves minimal impact on the environment of the host country.
The United Nations High Commission for Refugees celebrated itsfirst 60 years and its very unlikely that its helping labors disappear. Nowadays, it works with a 2 billion USD budget for different programmes. Nevertheless, UNHCR has worked with different Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) because these have proved to be quite important in their operation scheme.
UNHCR has been given the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1954 and 1981; it was also awarded with thePrince of Asturias for International Cooperation in 1992. However, the most important thing is that it has given protection and safety to millions of people who have been forced to leave their origin countries because of the danger it can have.
Linking to Security
When talking about security, we can find a lot of variations that talk abut the same sector. However, each point of view defines this...
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