The movement was founded on May 1, 1776, in Ingolstadt (Upper Bavaria) as the Order of the Illuminati, with aninitial membership of five, by Jesuit-taught
The group has also been called the Bavarian Illuminati and the movement itself has been referred to as Illuminism. In 1777
The All-Seeing Eye as thecornerstone of a pyramid.
The Illuminati's members took a vow of secrecy and pledged obedience to their superiors. Members were divided into three main classes, each with several degrees.
The order hadits branches in most countries of the European continent; it reportedly had around 2,000 members over the span of ten years.
Writers such as Mark Dice and Jüri Lina have argued that the BavarianIlluminati survived, possibly to this day. Many of these theories propose that world events are being controlled and manipulated by a secret society calling itself the Illuminati. Conspiracytheorists have claimed that many notable people were or are members of the Illuminati. Presidents of the United States are a common target for such claims.
In addition to the shadowy and secret organization,several modern fraternal groups claim to be the "heirs" of the Bavarian Illuminati and have openly used the name "Illuminati" in founding their own rites. Some, such as the multiple groups that callthemselves some variation on "The Illuminati Order," use the name directly in the name of their organization, while others, such as the Ordo Templi Orientis, use the name as a grade of initiation withintheir organization.
The Illuminati are a recurring theme in popular culture. References to such an organization appear in many fictional works across many genres, appearing in novels like The...