Informe : religiones

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  • Páginas : 13 (3111 palabras )
  • Descarga(s) : 31
  • Publicado : 26 de agosto de 2010
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* Introducción (religión)
* Aspectos de opinión (general)
* Aspects of view (general)
* Christianity (structure and heresy)
* Islam
* Buddhism (general and history)
* Catholicism
*Atheism (general and Positive vs. Negative)
* Conclusion
* Bibliography

Religion is the belief in and worship of a god or gods, or a set of beliefs concerning the origin and purpose of the universe. It is often described as communal belief in a supernatural, sacred or divine being. Many religions have narratives, symbols, traditions and sacred histories associated with theirdeity or deities, that are intended to give meaning to life. They tend to derive morality, ethics, religious laws or a preferred lifestyle from their ideas about the cosmos and human nature.
The word religion is sometimes used interchangeably with faith or belief system, but it is more than private belief and has a public aspect. Most religions have organised behaviors, congregations for prayer,priestly hierarchies, holy places and scriptures.
The development of religion has taken different forms in different cultures. Some religions place greater emphasis on belief, some on practice. Some emphasise the subjective experience of the religious individual, some the activities of the community. Some religions are universalistic, intending their claims to be binding on everyone; some areethnic, intended only for one group. Religion often makes use of meditation, music and art. In many places it has been associated with public institutions such as education and the family and with government and political power.

* Critics of religious systems as well as of personal faith have posed a variety of arguments against religion. Some modern-day critics hold thatreligion lacks utility in human society; they may regard religion as irrational. Some assert that dogmatic religions are in effect morally deficient, elevating as they do to moral status ancient, arbitrary, and ill-informed rules—taboos on eating pork, for example, as well as dress codes and sexual practices. Irreligion and antireligion have increased as the sociopolitical changes of Westerncivilization have become more widespread globally.

* While superstition is merely the assertion of non-causal links between unconnected things, religions are more complex and include social institutions and morality. Pero las religiones pueden incluir supersticiones o hacer uso del pensamiento mágico. But religions may include superstitions or make use of magical thinking. Los miembros de unareligión a menudo piensan otras religiones como supersticiones . Del mismo modo, algunos ateos , agnósticos , deístas y escépticos respecto las creencias religiosas como superstición. Members of one religion often think other religions as superstitious . Likewise, some atheists , agnostics , deists , and skeptics regard religious belief as superstition. Las prácticas religiosas son más propensos a seretiquetados como "supersticiosa" por extraños cuando incluyen la creencia en acontecimientos extraordinarios (milagros), la vida después de las intervenciones sobrenaturales, apariciones o la eficacia de la oración, los encantos, conjuros, el significado de los augurios y pronósticos. Religious practices are most likely to be labeled "superstitious" by outsiders when they include belief inextraordinary events (miracles), an afterlife, supernatural interventions, apparitions or the efficacy of prayer, charms, incantations, the meaningfulness of omens, and prognostications.

The history of Christianity mainly concerns the Christian religion and Church, from the ministry of Jesus up to contemporary times and denominations. Christianity differs most significantly from the...
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