International organizations

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INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
What could be the best general definition o fan International Organization? What could be a satisfactory classification of I.O?

R= Organization is a political body, charged with political task of an important character, and covering a wide field, namely, the maintenance of international peace and security, the development of friendly relations among nations, andthe achievement of international cooperation in the solution of nations and the achievement of international cooperation in the solution of problems of and economic, social,, cultural or humanitarian character and in dealing with its Members it employs political means.

Also different definitions:
■ An intergovernmental organization. (Art. 2 (1) (i) VCLTSIO)

■ An organization set up byagreement between two or more States. (Akehurst)

■ A non-State entity with international legal personality separate from that of the States which established it. (Aust)

■ A body:
– Based on a formal instrument of agreement between the governments of nation states;
– including three or more nation states as parties to the agreement;
– possessing apermanent secretariat performing ongoing tasks.
(Yearbook of International Organizations)

Others Conceptual Approaches to IO

Theorists and practitioners have employed a number of differing conceptions of ‘international organization’. These conceptions can usefully be thought of as falling into three categories: IO as formal organization, IO as ordering principle in the internationalsystem, and IO as regime. The last of these categories has received the most attention recently and has involved a high degree of fruitful theorizing about IO and international cooperation more generally.

What could be a satisfactory classification of I.O?
R= An international organization (or organization) is an organization with an international membership, scope, or presence. There are twomain types:
• International nongovernmental organizations (INGOs): non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that operate internationally. These may be either:
o International non-profit organizations. Examples include the World Organization of the Scout Movement, International Committee of the Red Cross and Médecins Sans Frontières.
An international organization consisting ofnon-governmental representatives of states, a characteristic which distinguishes it from intergovernmental organizations (IGO) which consist primarily or wholly of governmental representatives. NGOs have no international legal status and therefore do not enter into treaties or other international agreements, although they may facilitate such agreements. The United Nations Charter provides for the UN’sEconomic & Social Council to arrange for consultations with NGOs, and some NGOs exercise considerable influence, e.g., the International Committee of the Red Cross
• Intergovernmental organizations, also known as international governmental organizations (IGOs): the type of organization most closely associated with the term 'international organization', these are organizations that are made upprimarily of sovereign states (referred to as member states). Notable examples include the United Nations (UN), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), Council of Europe (CoE), European Union (EU; which is a prime example of a supranational organization),
Intergovernmental organizations
According to the UN Economic and Social Council, Every international organization wich isnot created by means of inter-governmental agreements shall be considered as a non-governmental international organization. This suggests a distinction between intergovernmental organization (IGOs) and international non governmental organization (INGOs) there is still some discussion as to whether intergovernmental organizations are the same as interstate organizations.
Three point can be made...
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