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S.A. generally designates corporations in various countries, mostly those employing the civil law. Though literally translated as anonymous society, anonymous company, anonymouspartnership, or share company, it is known more commonly in English as a public limited company and can be differentiated from partnerships and limited liability companies. In American Englishthey are called joint-stock-companies.

S.A. can be an abbreviation of:

Sociedad Anónima or Sociedad por Acciones in Spanish; variations include "S.A. de C.V.", Sociedad Anónima deCapital Variable and "S.A.B. de C.V.", Sociedad Anónima Bursátil de Capital Variable for publicly traded companies in Mexico
Societat Anònima in Catalan
Sociedade Anónima in Galician andin Portuguese (as well as in Macao SAR of China);
Sociedá Anónima in Asturian and Leonese
Società anonima in Italian
Société anonyme in French (as commonly used in French speakingcountries, such as France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Monaco; and in some Francophone countries like Lebanon, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Mauritania and various other Africancountries)
Spółka akcyjna in Polish
Societate pe acţiuni in Romanian
It is equivalent in both literal meaning and practical function to:

Anonim Şirket (A.Ş.) in TurkishΑνώνυμη/Ανώνυμος Εταιρεία (A.E.) (Anonymi/Anonymos Eteria) in Greek
Naamloze vennootschap (N.V.) in Dutch
Perseroan Terbatas Terbuka (P.T. Tbk.) in Indonesia
Sendirian Berhad (Sdn. Bhd.) in MalaysiaShoqëri Aksionare (Sh.a.) in Albania
It is equivalent in practical function to:

Osakeyhtiö (Oy) in Finnish
Aktiengesellschaft (AG) in German
Aktiebolag (AB) in Swedish
Aktieselskab(A/S) in Danish
Akciová společnost (a.s.) in Czech
Акционерско друштво (АД) in Macedonian
Акционерное общество (АО) in Russian
Акционерно дружество (АД) in Bulgarian