Diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs because the pancreas does not produce the amount of insulin the body needs, or the manufacture of inferior quality. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, is the main substance responsible for the maintenance of appropriate values of blood sugar. Allows glucose to be transported into cells so that they produceenergy or store glucose until their use is necessary. When it fails, causes an excessive increase in sugar in the blood (hyperglycemia). In fact, the scientific name of the disease is diabetes mellitus, which means "honey."
Diabetes affects 6% of the population. The chances of contracting it increases as a person grows older, so that for over seventy years, have about 15% of people. It isessential to educate patients to control their diabetes properly, it can lead to other diseases as or more important than the diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, neurological diseases, retinopathy (eye infection that can lead to blindness) and nephropathy (disease kidney). The time of onset of the disease and the causes and symptoms that patients depend on the type of diabetes involved.
Type 1diabetes. The most common age that appear are childhood, adolescence and early adulthood. Usually occur abruptly, and often regardless of family history there
Type 2 diabetes. Usually occurs in older age and is about ten times more frequent than before. Generally, there is the fact that even the suffering or have suffered other members of the family. It arises due to low insulin production,coupled with insufficient use of the substance by the cell. Depending on which of the two predominant defect, the patient will be treated with anti-diabetic tablets or insulin (or a combination of both.)
Gestational diabetes. Diabetes is considered a casual. Can be controlled like other types of diabetes. During pregnancy increases insulin to increase energy reserves. Sometimes, this increase doesnot occur and can cause diabetes in pregnancy. Nor have symptoms and the detection is almost always performed after routine testing to all pregnant women undergo after 24 weeks of gestation.
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the main symptoms of diabetes include:
Urination frequency (the phenomenon of "bed wetter" in children).
Unusual hunger.Excessive thirst.
Weakness and fatigue.
Irritability and mood swings.
Feeling sick in the stomach and vomiting.
Cuts and scratches that do not heal, or heal very slowly.
Tingling or numbness in hands or feet.
Recurring skin, gum or bladder.
Also found high levels of sugar in the blood and urine
Type 1 diabetes thereis no effective method for now. Instead, it is found that type 2, which is what appears most often, being related to obesity can be treated largely avoided by adopting a healthy lifestyle:
Avoiding overweight and obesity.
Performing regular physical exercise. - Leaving the snuff and alcohol.
Following a healthy diet. To prevent hypoglycemia, diabetics should take into account:
Adjustdoses of medication to their real needs.
Maintain a regular feeding schedule as far as possible;
Take moderate amounts of carbohydrates before exercise extraordinary;
Always carry sugar with you. As the first signs of hypoglycemia, take sugar (2 or 3 lumps), cookies (3 to 5 units) or drink a glass (150 ml) of any drink containing carbohydrates, rapidly absorbed (juice fruit, cola, etc.).. Thesymptoms usually happen in 5 or 10 minutes
TYPES OF DIABETES
Diabetes mellitus type 1 mediated autoimmune diseases:
It is caused by autoimmune destruction of pancreas cells.
Accounts for most cases of type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Idiopathic Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus:
The cause that provokes. Within this category only a minority of patients with type 1 diabetes, most African and Asian...