Historia de la manzana or Apple`s history
Apple cultivation in Nepal
The center of diversity of the genus Malus is in eastern Turkey. The appletree was perhaps the earliest tree to be cultivated, and its fruits have been improved through selection over thousands of years. Alexander the Great is credited with finding dwarfed applesinKazakhstan in Asia Minor in 328 BCE; those he brought back to Macedonia might have been the progenitors of dwarfing root stocks. Winter apples, picked in late autumn and stored just above freezing, havebeen an important food inAsia and Europe for millennia, as well as inArgentina and in the United States since the arrival of Europeans. Apples were brought to North America with colonists in the17th century, and the first apple orchard on the North American continent was said to be near Boston in 1625. In the 20th century, irrigation projects in Washington state began and allowed thedevelopment of the multibillion dollar fruit industry, of which the apple is the leading species.
Until the 20th century, farmers stored apples in frostproof cellars during the winter for their own useor for sale. Improved transportation of fresh apples by train and road replaced the necessity for storage.
Botanical informationBlossoms, fruits, and leaves of the apple tree (Malus domestica)
Wild Malus sieversii apple in Kazakhstan
The apple forms a tree that is small and deciduous, reaching 3 to 12 metres (9.8 to 39 ft)tall, with a broad, often densely twiggy crown. Theleaves are alternately arranged simple ovals 5 to 12 cm long and 3–6 centimetres (1.2–2.4 in) broad on a 2 to 5 centimetres (0.79 to 2.0in) petiolewith an acute tip, serrated margin and a slightly downy underside. Blossomsare produced in spring simultaneously with the budding of the leaves. The flowers are white with a pink tinge that gradually...