Talking about the past
We use the Past Simple to talk about something that happened and finished in the past, a completed action. We usually say or know when the action happened. The moment in the past is clearly defined.
Last Thursday Mark's ship arrived in Southampton. He got there at 8:30 p.m.
Often we don't need to say when something happened. It isunderstood.
We went to the cinema instead.
(We know that this happened in the past when we couldn't get tickets for the play)
We also use the Past Simple to describe:
_ something that happened regularly or continually in the past They always visited parks and gardens. _ a situation that existed in the past over a period of time, not just at one fixed moment. He didn't like walking the dog.Forms of the Past Simple
We form the Past Simple of most regular verbs by adding -ed to the infinitive. It is the same for all persons. talk like look _ Note the spelling changes: try stop tried stopped talked liked looked
_ Many common verbs are irregular. We don't form the Past Simple with -ed. INFINITIVE Be Become Begin Break Bring Buy Can Come Cut Do Dream SIMPLE PAST was/were became beganbroke brought bought could came cut did dreamt INFINITIVE hear keep know leave let lose make mean meet pay put SIMPLE PAST heard kept knew left let lost made meant met paid put
ENGLIS H & FUN
Drink Drive Eat Fall Feel Find Fly Forget Get Go Grow Have
drank drove ate fell felt found flew forgot got went grew had
read ride ring run say see sing swim take tell think understand
readrode rang ran said saw sang swam took told thought understood
_ We form the negative of the Past Simple with didn't (did not) + the infinitive without to. AFFIRMATIVE I liked She went We had NEGATIVE I didn't like him She didn't go with her mother We didn't have enough time.
Find the Past Simple of the following verbs: Work Walk Talk Clean Live Wash ____________________________________ ___________________ __________________ ___________________ ___________________ come speak see do go sing __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________
XXXXXWORKED XXXXXA XXXX I WXXXXL I VEDD E XXXXKXXXXX NXCXX EXXSXX TA LKEDXSANG XXEXXXXXWXX XWASHEDXXXC XXNXXX XXXXA XXEXXX XXXXM XXDXXX SPOKE
ENGLIS H & FUN
What do youusually do in the summer? Do you usually do any of these things?
eat ice creams stay at home read books watch TV
go fishing visit your grandma listen to music play computer games
go to the beach meet your friends study hard go shopping tidy your room work hard
Now write about you and your family. What did you do last summer? e.g: We went to thebeach ___________________________________________________________. ___________________________________________________________. ___________________________________________________________. ___________________________________________________________. ___________________________________________________________. Ask your friend about his holidays. Complete the questions. A: Did_____________________________________________? B: Yes. It was a beautiful place. A: When __________________________________________? B: I arrived back last Sunday. A: Where _________________________________________? B: We stayed at a hotel for a week. A: How often ______________________________________? B: It didn't rain at all. A: Did____________________________________________? B: No, we didn't rent any car. It wastoo expensive.
ENGLIS H & FUN
We use the Past Continuous to talk about something that started before a certain time in the past and was still in progress at that time. At 9:00 I was walking along Middle Street. I was going to the supermarket. We often use the Past Continuous to describe a situation, to give the background to a scene that happened in the past. - What were...