Las momias de ullaillaco (ingles)

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  • Publicado : 9 de enero de 2010
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SUBJECT The Llullaillaco mummies

I choose this subject because these child mommies are the most preserved of all and I thought it was interesting to know about them.

LIST OF IDEAS
1. Who were the Llullaillaco mummies and where is Llullaillaco
2. What is so exiting about these mummies
3. Where are they today and how are they preserved

DEVELOPMENT
WHO WERE THE LLULLAILLACOMUMMIES AND WHERE IS LLULLAILLACO

• Llullaillaco mummies are the frozen bodies of three children
• They were found at 6739 m above sea level at an average temperature of -15 C
• They were sacrificed 500 years ago in times of the Inca Empire
• Llullaillaco is a mount located in the northwestern Argentinean Andes
• Llullaillaco is considered to be the highest archaeologicalsite in the world

WHAT IS SO EXITING ABOUT THESE MUMMIES

• Weather conditions caused them to be frozen rather than freeze-dried.
• they are so well preserved that all of their internal organs are intact and in good shape, as if they had just died last week instead of approximately 500 years ago
• This perfect condition will allow researchers to study the mummies as thoroughly aspossible (without harming them) and find out what they had eaten before death and even if they were genetically related.
• the mummies were buried with more than 100 objects, including textiles, gold and silver statues, pottery, and feathered headdresses.

WHERE ARE THEY TODAY AND HOW ARE THEY PRESERVED

• The Llullaillaco mummies are currently preserved in a laboratory speciallydesigned for this purpose at the Catholic University of Salta.
• Each one is placed in its own freezer.
• The temperature and humidity inside the freezers are monitored by thermometers and hygrometers
• The freezers are carefully sealed to avoid the loss of humidity from the bodies and to protect the mummies from the surrounding environment as a means of preservation.
• They arekept at a temperature of –13°C.
• Because of the preservation conditions of the mummies and the danger of thawing, they could only be taken out for 20 min for investigation.

SUMMARY OF IDEAS

The Llullaillaco mummies are the bodies of three children sacrificed 500 years ago in the era of the Inca Empire, Llullaillaco is a mount in the Andes and is considered the highest archaeologicalsite in the world. They are very well preserved and their internal organs are in perfect conditions, so the researchers can study and find even what they had eaten before death. Today they are preserved in sealed freezers and can only be taken out for 20 minutes for investigation activities.

REFLECTION

It was interesting to know about the mommies, and now we can learn more about the Incasculture.

Three frozen bodies belonging to three children were found by an archaeological team. The scientific excavation was carried out at an altitude of 6,739 m above sea level on the summit of Mount Llullaillaco in the northwestern Argentinean Andes at an average temperature of –15°C. These children had been sacrificed 500 years ago in times of the Inca Empire to appease the mountain deities andto ensure the emperor's well-being. In addition, the mummies were buried with more than 100 objects, including textiles, gold and silver statues, pottery, and feathered headdresses.

Llullaillaco is considered to be the highest archaeological site in the world. The mummies were individually buried 1.7 m deep with their associated offerings. The funerary sites were covered with a mixture of soiland stones, which was also used to fill in the platform that was later built to cover the burials.

The extraordinary state of preservation of the mummified bodies and the careful recording of the associated offerings during the scientific excavations have given the discovery particular importance. The discovery and subsequent research have awakened the public's imagination and aroused the...
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