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John Lennon Biography (1940-1980)
Original name, John Winston Lennon; name legally changed, April 22, 1969; born October 9, 1940, in Liverpool, England; died of gunshot wounds, December 8,1980, inNew York, NY; son of Alfred (a merchant seaman, dishwasher, and porter) and Julia (Stanley) Lennon; married Cynthia Powell, August 23, 1962 (divorced, November 8, 1968); married Yoko Ono (an artistand singer), March 20,1969; children: (first marriage) John Charles Julian (a musician); (second marriage) Kyoko (stepdaughter), Sean Ono Taro (a musician). Career: Actor, musician, composer, producer,director and writer. Nurk Twins, band member, 1957; Quarrymen, co-founder and member of musical group, 1958; Moondogs, member of trio, 1959; Silver Beatles, band member, 1960; premiered with theBeatles, Liverpool, England, 1960; The Beatles, band member, 1960-70. Apple Boutique, London, co-owner, 1967-68; Apple Corp. Ltd., London, partner, beginningin 1968. Plastic Ono Band, founder and bandmember, 1969; also performed asa solo musical artist, 1970-80. Awards, Honors: Foyles Literary Prize,1964, for In His Own Write; Grammy Award (with the Beatles), best newartists, National Academy ofRecording Arts and Sciences, 1964; Grammy Awardnomination (with the Beatles), best original score for a motion picture or television show, 1964, for A Hard Day's Night; Grammy Award nomination(with PaulMcCartney), song of the year, 1964, for "A Hard Days Night;" decorated Order of the British Empire, 1965; Grammy Award nomination (with Paul McCartney), song of the year, 1965, for "Yesterday;" GrammyAward nomination (with the Beatles), best original score for motion picture or television show,1965, for Help!; Grammy Award (with McCartney), song of the year, 1966, for "Michelle;" Grammy Awards(with the Beatles), album of the year, best album cover, best contemporary rock and roll recording, and best engineered recording, all 1967, for Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band; Grammy Award...