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[I do this] “If __________, [this] then __________
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The scientific method starts when you ask a question aboutsomething that you observe: How, What, When, Who, Which, Why, or Where? And, in order for the scientific method to answer the question, it must be about something that you can measure, preferably with anumber.
Ask a Question
Find a general topic that interests you and write down the question that you want to answer.
Look atthe results of your experiment with a critical eye.
A picture speaks a thousand words!
Do Background Research
Learn from the experience of others.
Quantities whose values can change are called variables.
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Construct a Hypothesis
Test with an Experiment
Your experiment tests whether yourhypothesis is true or false. It is important for your experiment to be a fair test. You conduct a fair test by making sure that you change only one factor at a time while keeping all other conditions thesame. You should also repeat your experiment several times to make sure that the first results weren’t just an accident.
identify key words
w w w. s c i e n c e b u d d i e s . o rg www.sciencebuddies.org > To p i c S e l e c t i o n W i z a r d > B ackground Research Plan > Finding Information > Bibliography > S c i e n c e Fai r P r o j e c t Ideas > Yo u r Q u e s t i o n > Engineering & P r og ra m m i n g P r o j e c t Tips > Research Paper
So that you can design an experiment, you need toresearch what techniques and equipment might be best for investigating your topic. Rather than starting from scratch, savvy investigators want to use their library and Internet research to help them...