(Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, Skopje, Macedonia today, 1910 - Calcutta, 1997) Religious Albanian India nationalized. Born into a Catholic family inAlbania, the deep religiosity of his mother awoke in her vocation as a missionary at age twelve. While still a child, entered the Congregation of the Daughters Mariana Mary, where hestarted his activity of assistance to the needy.
At eighteen forever left his hometown and traveled to Dublin to profess in the Congregation of Our Lady of Loreto. Wantingto be a missionary in India, sailed to Bengal, where he studied teaching and chose the name Teresa to profess. He worked as a teacher at St. Mary's High School in Calcuttauntil 1948, when he obtained permission from Rome to engage in the apostolate for the poor.
In 1950 Mother Teresa founded the Congregation of the Missionaries of Charity,adopted in 1965 by Paul VI. The members of this congregation, to be added to the traditional vows of dedication to the "poorest of the poor", achieved rapid implementation in Indiaand in other nearly one hundred countries worldwide, for its part, the founder mobilized against abortion and euthanasia, in line with papal doctrine of John Paul II.
In 1972Mother Teresa received the Kennedy Foundation Award, and in 1979 the Nobel Peace Prize, whose endowment donated to the poor. In 1986 he received the visit of John Paul II inthe Nirmal Hidray or House of the Pure Heart, which she founded in Calcutta and best known as the House of the Dying. After overcoming numerous ill health, died on September 5,1997 a victim of cardiac arrest. Thousands of people around the world gathered in India for the holy fire of the Sewers. She was beatified in 2003 by Pope John Paul II.