* Definition: In philosophy, the theory of materialism holds that the only thing that exists is matter; that all things are composed of material and all phenomena (includingconsciousness) are the result of material interactions.
* The theory that physical matter is the only reality and that everything, including thought, feeling, mind, and will, can be explained in terms ofmatter and physical phenomena.
* Regards matter as the only reality in the world, which undertakes to explain every event in the universe as resulting from the conditions and activity of matter,and which thus denies the existence of God and the soul.
* Nothing exists beyond what is physical
* Also called Physicalism
* The term was coined by Otto Neurath in a series of early20th century essays .
* associated with philosophy of mind, in particular the mind/body problem, in which it holds that the mind is a physical thing in all aspects. In other words, all that hasbeen ascribed to "mind" is more correctly ascribed to "brain" or the activity of the brain.
* physical property is any measurable property the value of which describes a physical system's state.The changes in the physical properties of a system can be used to describe its transformations (or evolutions between its momentary states).
* Matter is primary and mind or spirit is secondary, aproduct of matter acting upon matter.
* Natural Law: According to natural law moral theory, the moral standards that govern human behavior are, in some sense, objectively derived from the nature ofhuman beings and the nature of the world. While being logically independent of natural law legal theory, the two theories intersect.
* The term “natural law” is ambiguous. It refers to a type ofmoral theory, as well as to a type of legal theory, but the core claims of the two kinds of theory are logically independent. It does not refer to the laws of nature, the laws that science aims to...