Heatwave - Eric Klinenberg
On 21 July a team of researchers led by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention arrived in the city to conduct an urgent epidemiological investigation into the risk factors for heat-related mortality.
The experiment consisted in comparing matched pairs consisting of one heat wave dead person and one survivor of similar age wholived nearby, either on the same street or in the neighborhood. Holding constant the age and location of the subjects.
The main objective was to identify public health strategies for reaching people at risk and preventing deaths in future heat waves.
Analyses two similar neighborhoods; one where there is more Latin-American people and the other one that is predominantly African-AmericanMatching pairs
Possible Explanations? Cultural differences linked to the role of the elderly in Latino and African-American families and the fact that Latinos are more used to the heat.
A STRONG CULTURAL ARGUMENT ABOUT NETWORKS OF CARE AND SUPPORT REQUIRES TAKING A CLOSER LOOK AT THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENTS OF THE TWO COMMUNITY AREAS
Variations in the social environment of poverty? This chapterargues that place-specific social ecology and its effects on cultural practices account for much of the disparity in the heat wave mortality rates for the two Lawndales.
In North Lawndale, the dangerous ecology of abandoned buildings, open spaces, commercial depletion, violent crime, degraded infrastructure, low population density and family dispersion undermines the viability if public life andthe strength of local supports systems rendering older residents particularly vulnerable to isolation.
In Little Village, though the busy streets, heavy commercial activity, residential concentration and relatively low crime promote social contact, collective life and public engagement in general and provide particular benefits for the elderly, who are more likely to leave home when they aredrawn out by nearby amenities.
The violence of everyday life The depleted physical infrastructure of North Lawndale.
Everybody here is very cautious Related to crime
Social Ties in the Unraveling Neighborhood Related to the need to “know the place” even among people in North Lawndale.
Churches and block clubs
The streets here are always busy The active street life in Little Villageattracts older and younger residents into the public areas where informal interactions and causal observations of other are typical forms of social cohesion.
THE STATE OF DISASTER
Both firefighters and the government blame each other. In the city of Chicago’s reaction to the heat crisis seems exceptionally flawed, what happened during the disaster is hardly surprising when it is placed in thegovernment’s typical mode of addressing deprivation and vulnerability in the city.
Facing the heat: the politics of accountability
Shopping for services in the empowerment era – Many services providers are convinced that the market model of government generates a political mismatch between service delivery programs that demand activist clients and an increasinglyelderly population whose isolation and frailty hinder their capacity to claim assistance they need.
The everyday energy crisis
Facing escalating energy costs, declining government subsidies and fixed incomes, seniors throughout the city express great concern about the cost of their utility bills and take pains to keep their fees down.
DELEGATION OF KEY HEALTH AND SUPPORTSERVICES TO PARAMILITARY ORGANIZATIONS NOT DESIGNED FOR THAT
THE LACK OF AN EFFECTIVE SYSTEM FOR ORGANIZING AND COORDINATING THE SERVICE PROGRAMS OF DIFFERENT AGENCIES
THE LACK OF PUBLIC COMMITMENT TO PROVIDE BASIC RESOURCES
THE EXPECTATION THAT FRAIL AND ELDERLY CITIZENS WILL BE ACTIVE AND INFORMED CONSUMERS OF PUBLIC GOODS
Katrina Imagined - Lee Clarke and Brent Marshall