Nueva zelanda

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  • Publicado : 10 de mayo de 2011
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Luis Abarca Meza
4º Grade
Teacher: Juan Jimenez Albornoz

Historical background

New Zealand 

Is an island country in the south-western Pacific Oceancomprising two main landmasses andnumeroussmaller islands. The country is situated some 1,500 kilometres east of Australiaacross the Tasman Sea, and roughly 1,000 kilometres south of the Pacific island nations of New Caledonia, Fiji,and Tonga. Due to its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans.

During its long isolation New Zealand developed a distinctive faunadominated by birds, many of which became extinctafter the arrival of humans and introduced mammals. With a mild maritime climate, the land was mostly covered in forest. The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks owe much tothe uplift of land and volcanic eruptions caused by the Pacific and Indo-Australian Plates clashing underfoot.


(new zeland flag)


Early Māori adapted the tropically-basedeast Polynesian culture in line with the challenges associated with a larger and more diverse environment, eventually developing their own distinctive culture. Social organisation was largely communal withfamilies, sub-tribes and tribes ruled by a chief whose position was subject to the community's approval The British and Irish immigrants brought aspects of their own culture to New Zealand and alsoinfluenced Māori culture particularly with the introduction of Christianity However, Māori still regard their allegiance to tribal groups as a vital part of their identity, and Māori kinship rolesresemble those of other Polynesian peoples More recently American, Australian, Asianand other European cultures have exerted influence on New Zealand. Non-Māori Polynesian cultures are also apparent,with Pasifika, the world's largest Polynesian festival, now an annual event in Auckland.


(Islands dancers at Auckland's Pacifica festival)


Christianity is the predominant...
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