Oral presentation

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The structure of a presentation should have a beginning, a middle part, and an end.

❖ The introduction is aimed at establishing an effective relationship with the audience.
❖ The discussion is intended to develop understandably the message you have to present.
❖ The conclusion points towards what you want and expect your audience to do aboutthe subject.

The Introduction

In any presentation the beginning is crucial. Here is a list of what you should do in the introduction:

[pic] Greet your audience.
[pic] Introduce yourself
[pic] Give the title of your talk.
[pic] Present the aim of your talk.
[pic] Describe the structure of your talk.
[pic] Explain that the audience can interrupt if they want.[pic] Say something about the length of your talk.

It is now your turn to start preparing a presentation

In pairs, sketch out the introduction



Here are some useful examples of vocabulary you may use in your own presentation!

(Adapted from International Express- Oxford)

THE MAIN BODY Introduction ConclusionFirst part Second part Third part
-a -a -a
-b -b -b
-c -c

The body of your speech should be organized around two, three or four main ideas which will be developed accordingly.

□ Quote if necessary from well-known authorities on the subject.
□ Define difficult of specific terminology.
□ Use statistics.
□ Cite specific instances to illustrate each ofthe major points developed to support your main ideas.
□ Back up information.
□ Refer back to your experience.



Signaling different parts in a presentation:

Ending the introduction
So that concludes the introduction.
That’s all for the introduction.

Beginning the main body
To begin with …
So first …
Now let’s move to the first part of my talk,which is about..

There are three things to consider. First, …
Second, .. Third, …
There are two kinds of… The first is… The second is…
We can see four advantages and two disadvantages. First, advantages. One is …. Another is… A third advantage is… Finally…
On the other hand, the two disadvantages. First, … Second, …

Let’s move to (the next part which is..)
Sonow we come to the…
Now I want to / I’d like to …

There are several different stages to the process
First / then / next / after that / last..
At the beginning / later / finally…
Here are some other connectors you may want to take into account:

|Addition |in addition |moreover |as well as |besides |furthermore|
|Contrast |however |although |whereas |yet |in contrast to |
|Cause/result |therefore |that is why |consequently |thus |as a result |


CONTRASTING with what comes before

But all the same He claims to be asocialist, and yet he has 2 houses and 3cars.
However on the contrary I didn’t win. Still it’s been a good experience.
Yet on the other hand Notwithstanding economic recession, computing keeps growing.

And yet nonetheless/nevertheless

Still notwithstanding

Attaching a CONCESSION to one of your points

Although She wore a fur coat, even though it wasvery hot.
Though Though he hadn’t stopped working all day, he wasn’t tired.
Even though In spite of the rain, we went on a picnic.
In spite of

Connecting a REASON to an assertion

Because I have a great many letters to answer, because my secretary is away.
Since Since it was Sunday, he stayed in bed until eleven.
As They felt extremely tired, for they had been...
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