We form the Present Perfect with the present simple of the verb “to have” + Past Participle of the main verb.
I have arrived…
The Past Participles of the regular verbs end in –ed ou –d.
Ex.: travel – travelled
arrive – arrived
live - lived
Have not Past Participle
He hasn’t arrived…
I have not arrived…
He has not arrived…
Many of the past participles are irregular. You have to learn them by heart! (3rd column of the list of the irregular verbs).Ex.: buy – bought
go – gone
make - made
Have I… Past Participle
* When we talk about actions which started in the past and continue till now (the present time);Ex.: We have lived here for six months.
* When we talk about a past action which is important in the present;
Ex.: I can’t open the door. I have lost my key.
No short form in questions!
Has he arrived?
Follow the example: I (break + ) a glass. I have broken a glass.
1) I (speak +) to Mary. _____________________________________
2) The children (eat -) anything. ___________________________
3) Tom (forget + ) to call me. ______________________________
4) My mother (make + ) a cake. ___________________________
5) You (shut - ) thewindow. _______________________________
6) Victor (work + ) very hard. _______________________________
7) I (heard + ) from Tom. __________________________________
8) We (go - ) to Paris._____________________________________
9) The snow (stop + ). _____________________________________
10) Alan (see - ) TV today. ________________________________
2) Mary/go home? _______________________________________
3) Where/you/put the book? ______________________________
4) You/phone to Bill?...