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UNIVERISIDAD NACIONAL DE COLOMBIA INGLÉSIV Matthew Wahl, PhD
Feb, 25 2011

GRAPH ENGLISH LANGUAGE
INTRODUCE THE GRAPH
This graph is about/describes/shows/provides information about.... READ THETITLE For any given level(year, category, point-in-time), the ........... can be determined... For example/for instance..... To show what I mean/to illustrate that/...a case in point...... You can seethat X percentage of the population responded in Y The vertical (Y) axis shows... (usually dependent) The horizontal (X) axis shows... (usually independent) EXAMPLES OF DATA: The dashed lineshows.... (an example) The dotted line shows.... The solid/straight line shows..... The curved line shows ..... The shaded/dotted/gray/crossed-hatched area shows... The red/white/yellow section of the chartshows/indicates (pie chart) The red/white/yellow bars in the graph represent

DESCRIBE THE TRENDS, PATTERNS, SIGNIFICANCE
Verbs you can use to describe the trend: Go up Rise Jump (suddenly) IncreaseClimb Grow Go down Decrease Fall Drop (suddenly) Decline (slowly) Stay at the same level Level off Plateau Stabilize

Adjectives you can use to describe the trend: Slow Gradual Slow Sluggish(negative) Fast Rapid Sudden Exponential (very fast) Not fast or slow Moderate Consistent Steady

YOU CAN SEE A TREND FOR A POSITIVE/NEGATIVE GROWTH...

SHOW A MAXIMUM & MINIMUM

MORE ENGLISH WORDS -YOU MUST KNOW
PATTERNS TENDENCIES RATES OF CHANGE CATEGORIES GROUPS CONCENTRATIONS ASYMMETRICAL SYMMETRICAL PATTERN RANDOM GRAPH DIAGRAM STATISTICS POPULATION DISTRIBUTION SCATTER PLOT CENTRALTENDENCY UNIMODAL BIMODAL SAMPLE SIZE RATES OF CHANGE HIGH VALUES/LOW VALUES MAXIMUMS MINIMUMS UPPER VALUE LOWER VALUE UPPER LIMIT LOWER LIMIT AVERAGE = MEAN MEDIAN VARIANCE STANDARD DEVIATION ACCURACYPRECISION CONFIDENCE INTERVAL SIGNIFICANCE PROBABILTIES INTERACTIONS CORRELATIONS ASSOCIATIONS CAUSAL FACTORS OUTLIERS HISTERISIS DESCRIPTIONS OF SHAPE CENTER OF MASS VOLUME SURFACE AREA HEIGHT...
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