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EXPERIENCING HYPNOSIS:
THERAPEUTIC APPROACHES TO ALTERED STATES
By Milton H. Erickson, M.D. and Ernest L. Rossi, Ph.D. IRVINGTON PUBLISHERS, Inc., New York
Copyright © 1981 Ernest L. Rossi All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any manner whatever, including information storage or retrieval, in whole or in part (except for brief quotations in critical articles orreviews), without written permission from the publisher. For information, write to: Irvington Publishers, Inc.

740 Broadway, NY NY 10003
ISBN 0-8290-0246-4 PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES Reprint Edition 1992

EXPERIENCING HYPNOSIS:
THERAPEUTIC APPROACHES TO ALTERED STATES

Dr. Milton Erickson and Dr. Ernest Rossi

We dedicate this volume to Elizabeth Erickson and Margaret Ryan, whosethoughtful editorial work has made it possible.

CONTENTS
Introduction
I. The Indirect Approaches to Hypnosis a. Hypnosis in Psychiatry: The Ocean Monarch Lecture b. Utilization Approaches to Indirect Communication 1. Language and the Art of Suggestion 2. Multiple Levels of Communication in Hypnosis 3. Internal Responses as the Essence of Suggestion 4. Indirect Communication in the Ocean MonarchLecture II. Catalepsy in Hypnotic Induction and Therapy a. Catalepsy in Historical Perspective b. Recognizing Spontaneous Catalepsy c. Facilitating Catalepsy d. Utilizing Catalepsy e. Summary f. Exercises with Catalepsy Demonstration in the Use of Catalepsy in Hypnotic Induction: Hand Levitation in a Blind Subject III. Ideomotor Signaling in Hypnotic Induction and Therapy a. Ideomotor Movements andSignaling in Historical Perspective b. Recognizing Spontaneous Ideomotor Signaling c. Facilitating Ideomotor Signaling d. Facilitating Ideosensory Signaling e. Utilizing Ideomotor Signaling f. Summary g. Exercises in Ideomotor Signaling An Audio-Visual Demonstration of Ideomotor Movements and Catalepsy: The Reverse Set to Facilitate Hypnotic Induction

IV. The Experiential Learning of Trance by theSkeptical Mind Session One: The Experiential Learning of Minimal Manifestations of Trance Session Two: The Experiential Learning of Hypnotic Phenomena 1. Dissociation and the Modern Experiential Approach to Altered States 2. Learning Indirect Communication: Frames of Reference, Metalevels, and Psychotherapy

INTRODUCTION
This book is a continuation of our earlier work in Hypnotic Realities(Erickson, Rossi, & Rossi, 1976) and Hypnotherapy: An Exploratory Casebook (Erickson & Rossi, 1979), whereby the senior author, Milton H. Erickson, trains the junior author, Ernest L. Rossi, in clinical hypnosis. Taken together, these three volumes present a deepening view of what hypnosis is and the ways in which a creative process of hypnotherapy can be achieved. The material in these volumestouches ultimately on the nature of human consciousness and suggests a variety of open-ended approaches to facilitate its exploration in hypnotherapy as well as in more formal research situations. Indirect communication is the overall concept we use to cover what we have variously described as two-level communication, the naturalistic approach, and the utilization approach. The common denominator ofall these approaches is that hypnotherapy involves something more than simple talk on a single, objective level. The readily apparent, overt content of a message is like the tip of an iceberg. The recipient of indirect communication is usually not aware of the extent to which his or her associative processes have been set in motion automatically in many directions. Hypnotic suggestion received inthis manner results in the automatic evocation and utilization of the patient's own unique repertory of response potentials to achieve therapeutic goals that might have been otherwise beyond reach. In our previous volumes we outlined the operation of this process as the microdynamics of trance induction and suggestion. Although this is the essence of the senior author's original contribution to...
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