At a glance:
• The APA style is an author/date style used for citing and referencing information in assignments and publications. This guide is based on the American Psychological Association Publication Manual (2010) 6th edition; check with your lecturer regarding the style and edition to use. A significant change in the 6th edition is the inclusion of the DOI(digital object identifier) when referencing an online journal article. If a doi is available it should be included, otherwise give the URL of the home page of the journal (not the database you've retrieved it from) For further information on APA style consult the “Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association” available in the Main Library at BF76.7 P83 2010 If the author's names formpart of your sentence you do not need to include them in the brackets.
Where you are paraphrasing someone else’s work, acknowledge this with the author's name(s), year of publication and page or paragraph number if referring to a specific section.
An alphabetical list at the end of the text giving full details for each corresponding in-textreference
Include the page numbers if you directly quote another work
Examples of different items formatted for a reference list:
Only the author's initials are included regardless of the presentation of the author's name in the source document Only the first letter of the first word of the title (and subtitle, if given) and propernouns (the names of peoples, place or organisations, etc.) are capitalised.
Author(s) of book – family name and initials, use & for multiple authors. (Year of publication). Title of book – italicised. Place of publication: Publisher. Single author or editor
Berkman, R. I. (1994). Find it fast: How to uncover expert information. New York, NY: Harper Perrenial Everson, S. (Ed.).(1991). Psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Two or more authors or editors
Moir, A., & Jessel, D. (1991). Brain sex: The real difference between men and women. London: Mandarin. DeHart, G. B., Sroufe, L.A., & Cooper, R. G. (1995). Child development: Its nature and course (4th ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill. Binstock, R. H., & George, L. K. (Eds.). (1990). Handbook of aging andthe social sciences (3rd ed.). New York: Academic Press.
The CCH Macquarie dictionary of business. (1993). North Ryde, NSW: CCH Australia
Edition other than first
DeHart, G. B., Sroufe, L.A., & Cooper, R. G. (1995). Child development: Its nature and course (4th ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill. (The edition statement is placed after the title of the work. This is not necessary for afirst edition)
Koch, S. (Ed.). (1959-1963). Psychology: A study of science (Vols. 1-6). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill (In text, use the following parenthetical citation: (Koch, 1959-1963)
REFERENCING GUIDE 2 2-Sep-10
Strong, E. K., Jr., & Uhrbrock, R. S. (1923). Bibliography on job analysis. In L. Outhwaite (Series Ed.), Personnel Research Series: Vol. 1. Job analysisand the curriculum (pp. 140-146). Personnel Research Staff, Office of Personnel, United States Department of Agriculture.
Corporate author (ie: a company or organisation)
Queensland Health. (2002). Best practice guidelines for the management of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents. Brisbane, Australia: Author.
Conference (complete conference proceedings)
Proceedings of the NationalConference on Graduate Education in Psychology, University of Utah, 1988. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum.
Queensland Health. (2005). Health Systems Review Final Report. Brisbane, Australia: Queensland Government. Australia. Department of Health and Aged Care. (1999). Mental health: A report focusing on depression, 1998. Canberra, ACT: AGPS
Scientific / Technical report...
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