SAYED SALLAM 0102/51/1
معلومات خاصة العضاء منتديات سالمتك – مه ينقلها حق علية ان يذكز المصدر
What is a risk assessment? Why is risk assessment important? What is the goal of risk assessment? How do you do a risk assessment? How are the hazards identified? How do you know if the hazard is serious (poses a risk)? Howdo you rank or prioritize the risks? What options exist to rank or prioritize risks? What are methods of hazard control? Why is it important to review and monitor your assessment? What documentation should be done for a risk assessment?
What is a risk assessment? Risk assessment is the process where you: identify hazards, analyze or evaluate the risk associated with that hazard, anddetermine appropriate ways to eliminate or control the hazard. In practical terms, a risk assessment is a thorough look at your workplace to identify those things, situations, processes, etc that may cause harm, particularly to people. After identification is made, you evaluate how likely and severe the risk is, and then decide what measures should be in place to effectively prevent or control the harmfrom happening. For definitions and more information about what hazards and risks are, please see the OSH Answers document "Hazard and Risk".
Why is risk assessment important? Risk assessments are very important as they form an integral part of a good occupational health and safety management plan. They help to: create awareness of hazards and risks, identify who may be at risk(employees, cleaners, visitors, contractors, the public, etc), determine if existing control measures are adequate or if more should be done, prevent injuries or illnesses when done at the design or planning stage, and prioritize hazards and control measures.
What is the goal of risk assessment? The aim of the risk assessment process is to remove a hazard or reduce the level of its risk by addingprecautions or control measures, as necessary. By doing so, you have created a safer and healthier workplace.
How do you do a risk assessment? Assessments should be done by a competent team of individuals who have a good working knowledge of the workplace. Staff should be involved always include supervisors and workers who work with the process under review as they arethe most familiar with the operation. In general, to do an assessment, you should: identify hazards, evaluate the likelihood of an injury or illness occurring, and its severity, consider normal operational situations as well as non-standard events such as shutdowns, power outages, emergencies, etc., review all available heath and safety information about the hazard such as MSDSs,manufacturers literature, information from reputable organizations, results of testing, etc., identify actions necessary to eliminate or control the risk, monitor and evaluate to confirm the risk is controlled, keep any documentation or records that may be necessary. Documentation may include detailing the process used to assess the risk, outlining any evaluations, or detailing how conclusions weremade. When doing an assessment, you must take into account: the methods and procedures used in the processing, use, handling or storage of the substance, etc.. the actual and the potential exposure of workers, the measures and procedures necessary to control such exposure by means of engineering controls, work practices, and hygiene practices and facilities. By determining the level of riskassociated with the hazard, the employer and the joint health and safety committee can decide whether a control program is required. It is important to remember that the assessment must take into account not only the current state of the workplace but any potential situations as well. Click here to see a sample risk assessment form.
How are the hazards identified? Overall, the goal is to find...