Sangre

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SANGRE
  |                             1 - Volumen Sanguíneo | 2 - Caracteres Físicos |
Sangre |                                                Media                                      Límites                  | Densidad - Sangre Total |
| | Hombres           1052-1060 |
| Hombres                                  67.8 ml/kg                              53-83 ml/kg. | |
| |Mujeres             1050-1056 |
| Mujeres                                    62.3 ml/kg                              50-75 ml/kg | |
| | pH                          7.36-7.44 |
Plasma | Hombres                                  34.2 ml/kg                              25-43 ml/kg | Punto de Congelamiento: 0.55-0.58 |
| Mujeres                                    36.6 ml/kg                             28-45 ml/kg | |
Hematíes | Hombres                                  26.9 ml/kg                              20-36 ml/kg | Viscosidad |
| Mujeres                                    24.7 ml/kg                              19-31 ml/kg | |
Volumen de sangre  | por m2 de superficie corporal: 2.800-3.800 ml. | Sangre Total                 4.7 |
| | Suero                            1.6 |
|| Plasma                          1.8 |
                                                        3 -  Eritrosedimentación
                                     Wintrobe |
                                      Hombres..............................................................................0-5 mm en la primera hora |
                                      Mujeres...............................................................................0-15 mm en la primera hora |
                                     Westergreen |
                                      Hombres..............................................................................0-15 mm en la primera hora |
                                      Mujeres...............................................................................0-22 mm en la primera hora |
(Los valores pueden ser ligeramente mayores en niños y durante el embarazo) |
                                                                                  4 - Serie roja
Hematíes (por mililitro cúbico) |
                                                                                         Media                             Media ± dosdesvíos standard |
                                   Hombres                                           5.1                                  4.4-5.9 millones/mm3 |
                                   Mujeres                                            4.5                                   3.8-5.2 millones/mm3 |
                                   Niños                                                -                                      4.5-5.1 millones/mm3 |
Hemograma
Hematocrito                                                               Media                               Media ± dos desviaciones standard |
                                     Hombres                                 46                                            36-52 ml/dl (%) |
                                     Mujeres                                  41                                            35-47 ml/dl (%) |
                                     Recién nacidos                        -                                              49-54 ml/dl (%) |
                                     Niños (varía con la edad)       -                                               35-49 ml/dl (%) |
Hemoglobina |
                                     Hombres                                 15.5                                          13-20 g/dl |
                                     Mujeres                                    13.7                                          11-18 g/dl |
                                     Recién nacidos                          -...
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