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Schizophrenia, what is it?
Schizophrenia is a rare, serious mental disorder, which affects humans. Only one percentage of human population ends up with this brain disease. Schizophrenia interferes in the normal functioning of brain. This illness induces disorganised or highly irrational behaviour in humans. Schizophrenia changesthe feelings, consciousness, thoughts, and understandings of individuals’. Schizophrenia patients’ struggles to undertake responsibilities, think coherently, interact normally, and express emotions properly.
Factors that causes Schizophrenia
For the development of schizophrenia, inherited factor such as Chemical imbalance inside the brain is essential. Genetic, environmental, as well asbehavioural factors have role in occurrence of schizophrenia. Generally, one gender is prone to schizophrenia if the factors are environmental and genetic. During childhood, males have greater chance to have schizophrenia. During adolescence, adulthood males as well as females have equal chance to have schizophrenia.
Who are prone to schizophrenia?
Symptoms of schizophrenia appear first among men duringlater part of teenage or during earlier twenties. However, among women it appears while their twenties or initial part of thirties. Children born in a family, which has schizophrenia patients, have greater chance to have schizophrenia unlike other children. There is around eight-percentage chance for the sibling of a schizophrenia patient to have the disease. There is around fifteen-percentagechance for kid of a schizophrenia patient to have the disease.
Symptoms of schizophrenia
Unusual behaviour
Social isolation
Difficulty in undertaking responsibilities at office or school
Unrealistic Superiority complex
Extremely varying moods
No control over emotions
Acute anxiety
Abnormal as well as detailed ideas or thoughts
Disorganised behaviour
Inability todifferentiate reality from dreams
Confused thinking process
Extreme suspicion 
These are the main symptoms of schizophrenia. Symptoms such as delusions, abnormal behaviour, hallucinations etc comes under positive symptoms, while symptoms like social isolation, inability to control emotions etc comes under negative symptoms.
Children experiences only auditory hallucinations. Adults experiencesdelusions, thought disorders and all other effects. Schizophrenia symptoms might look like that of other mental illnesses. Therefore, for diagnosis of schizophrenia, it is better to consult a doctor or psychiatrist.
Treatment for schizophrenia
Doctor will consider the age, medical history, degree of illness, overall health, expectation regarding the future course of illness, reactions to certaintherapies or medications or procedures, preference of the patient before determining a suitable treatment.
Unlike other mental illnesses, the treatment meant for schizophrenia is generally complex. A combination of medications and therapies might be essential for meeting the requirements of individual schizophrenia patients. Neuroletptics medications, antipsychotic medications, electroconvulsivetherapy, individual as well as family psychotherapy, specialized educational programs, schizophrenia support groups etc are the major treatments for schizophrenia. Neuroleptic medicines reduce the severity of the hallucinations as well as delusions. Antipsychotic medications are for fighting against psychotic illness symptoms.ECT is for faster recovery from symptoms.
Preventive measures foravoiding schizophrenia
There is no preventive measure currently known for avoiding schizophrenia. Early detection as well as intervention can help in improving the schizophrenia patients’ lives. Treatments will be successful only if there is prompt and proper addressing of initial psychotic symptoms. Patients must comply with the medicines prescribed by doctors. For maintaining the effectiveness of...
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