Sino-soviet split 1967

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The Sino-Soviet relationship was the relation that was established between China and the USSR. It was the most significant relation concerning communist countries. A Treaty of Friendship & MutualAssistance was signed between these two countries as a consolidation of the relationship. Eventually, this relationship deteriorated to the point at which they split. This was due to several reasons,mainly because of ideological issues and national issues (territorial disputes).
By 1960, the alliance came to an end and the USSR stopped the provision of help. A reason for this was the discontent ofChina with Soviet’s aid in the 1950’s, but it is said that a crucial factor was USSR’s refusal to help China to develop nuclear power. The only option that the USSR gave to China to provide them withnuclear power was with the condition of remaining under Soviet control. Therefore, China determined that they had to develop their own nuclear power.
The USSR was an industrialized superpower withnuclear weapons, while China was mainly agricultural with no nuclear power and limited armed forces. China tried to industrialize, and introduced a new economic policy the “Great Leap Forward”. Mao didnot follow Stalin’s suggestions so the USSR did not agree with it and therefore they withdrew all financial aid to China. Mao’s decisions in the attempt of industrializing the country ended with nosuccess and lead to a great famine in China. This, along with other circumstances resulted in the exposure of the differences with Mao and Stalin’s views which later lead to a distance between them anddiminished the backing of the USSR to China.
The ideological issues were probably the most conspicuous for the split. An important disagreement between China and the USSR was the denunciation ofStalin by Khrushchev and his calling to peaceful coexistence with USA. This created irritation to China as the USSR’s actions went against the Communist principles and were against Khrushchev’s policy....
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