©2002 Bill Gibson
Sound Advice on Microphone Techniques
Published under license exclusively to ProAudio Press, an imprint of artistpro.com, LLC. All rights reserved. No portion of this book may be reproduced, copied, transmitted or stored in any mechanical or electronic form without the written permission of the publisher. Publisher; Mike Lawson Art Director: Stephen Ramirez;Editor: Patrick Runkle Cover image courtesy Midas.
Condenser Microphones Moving-coil Ribbon Mics Pickup/Polar Patterns Mics
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ProAudio Press is an imprint of artistpro.com, LLC 236 Georgia Street, Suite 100 Vallejo, CA 94590 (707) 554-1935 Also from ProMusic Press Music Copyright for the New Millennium The Mellotron Book Electronic Music Pioneers Also fromEMBooks The Independent Working Musician Making the Ultimate Demo, 2nd Ed. Remix: The Electronic Music Explosion Making Music with Your Computer, 2nd Ed, Anatomy of a Home Studio The EM Guide to the RolandVS-880 Also from MixBooks The AudioPro Home Recording Course, Volumes I, II, and III The Art of Mixing: A Visual Guide to Recording, Engineering, and Production The Mixing Engineer's Handbook TheMastering Engineer's Handbook Music Publishing: The Real Road to Music Business Success, Rev. and Exp. 5th Ed. How to Run a Recording Session The Professional Musician's Internet Guide The Songwriters Guide to Collaboration, Rev. and Exp. 2nd Ed. Critical Listening and Auditory Perception Modular Digital Multitracks: The Power Users Guide, Rev. Ed. Professional Microphone Techniques Sound forPicture, 2nd Ed. Music Producers, 2nd Ed. Live Sound Reinforcement Professional Sound Reinforcement Techniques Creative Music Production: Joe Meek's Bold Techniques Printed in Auburn Hills, MI ISBN 1-931140-27-8
Frequency Response Curve Stereo Mic Techniques Amplified Electric Guitar Acoustic Guitars Theories of Drum Miking Recording Vocals Piano Mic Techniques Setting the Mood—ConclusionSound Advice on Microphone Techniques
Microphones: Our Primary Tools
The study of microphones is a lifelong quest. For our purposes, we must understand some basic principles, techniques and terminology in order to function in the recording industry. Each mic offers a creative tonal color for your audio palette. Whereas you might struggle to get the perfect sound using one specific mic, simplychanging to a different mic could yield excellent results. If you study the material in this book, you'll begin to understand microphones with a new creative, artistic and technical insight. The microphone is your primary tool in the chain from sound source to audio storage medium. There's much more to mic choice than finding a trusted manufacturer that you can stick with. There's much more to micplacement than simply putting the mic close to the sound source. The difference between mediocre audio
recordings and exemplary audio recordings is quite often defined by the choice and placement of microphones. Using a mic to capture sound is not as simple as just selecting the best mic. Once the mic is selected there are two critically important factors involved in capturingsound using a microphone: • Where we place the mic in relation to the sound source • The acoustical environment in which we choose to record the sound source Although there are hundreds of different microphones available from a lot of manufacturers, they essentially all fit into three basic categories: condenser, movingcoil and ribbon. Condenser and moving-coil mics are the most common of thesethree, although all types of mics can be used creatively in recording as well as live situations.
Sound Advice on Microphone Techniques
Condenser microphones are the most accurate. They respond to fast attacks and transients more precisely than other types, and they typically add the least amount of tonal coloration. The large vocal mics used in professional recording...