The armed struggle lasted from 1910 to 1920 and it included battles,confrontations, as well as an intervention from the United States. This caused more than one million military and civil human losses. In order to understand the conflict better, one should analyze the roots of the conflict from its early years. The early years being when a dictator divided the opinion on whether it was good or not, the time known as the “Porfiriato.” It was an important period inMexican history since the country became industrialized and new technologies were introduced. All of this was part of a centralized economy were the benefits were for a small part of the population, while most of the people were living in extremely poor conditions. A cult for a European way of living became part of a campaign to show Mexico as a “civilized” country to the leading European powers.Even if the country’s economy was stable and prosperous, the many re-elections of the family Díaz, caused the medium classes’ discontent.
Porfirio Díaz was interviewed by Canadian-American journalist, James Creelman; in the interview he stated that Mexico was “ready” for Democracy.
“I don’t have any desire to continue in the Presidency. This nation is ready for her freedom”
These wordswere taken seriously by the people and many political organizations quickly organized, looking for candidates. Madero became a candidate and a real threat to Diaz who changed his mind and re-elected himself again. Diaz sent Madero to jail in San Luis Potosi where he escaped and redacted the document that began the Mexican Revolution. This document was called the “San Luis Plan” in Texas.
The“San Luis Plan” was in place to motivate the Mexicans to arise against the government and overthrow Porfirio Diaz, who at the time had been ruling the country for over 30 years. The San Luis Potosí plan is known as the only plan that calls for the rise in arms at a specific time and date; November the 20th 1910, from 6.00 P.M. “onwards” , it was a mere political plan, Madero’s rejection to violencechanged, he stated that the revolution was the only way since the pacific and legal manifestations didn’t work. People from all places of Mexico reacted to the call and many leaders such as Francisco Villa (born Doroteo Arango) and Emiliano Zapata invested in this an opportunity for a change and a land distribution for the peasants. Madero’s plan was a success! His main goal to overthrow Diaz...