The mexican revolution: a real revolution?

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  • Publicado : 5 de abril de 2010
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The different points of view about the Mexican revolution differ on whether it was, or it wasn’t a real revolution. In this essay I argue that it is a true revolution and continues to unfold until the present day. The Mexican Revolution is arguably one of the first revolutions of the 20th century. The word “Revolution” states that it is a change in political organization in a government orconstitution (Webster, 1913). This can be violent as in many of the cases. The Mexican revolution is seen as a series of revolutions that altogether made the conflict that is known as “Mexican Revolution”. The arguments and discussions about the valid title of “Revolution” are many. Some of them are complicated as the conflict itself is complicated. The many different leaders of the revolution hadconflicting ideas because of their diverse backgrounds and views of political ideologies. Rich owners of land, politicians and peasants led the armies who fought at first to overthrow Porfirio Díaz. The differences between the leaders after this event lengthened the armed conflict and led to more years of war, successions and assassinations of important leaders. All of these for one reason: The power.The conflict is not well understood by historians; referring to Gaitan’s work on the revolution, he mentions that the Revolution is not well understood, saying that specially the English speaking countries and the difference of language, as well as the Mexican press that was not spreading all the information outside Mexico.
The armed struggle lasted from 1910 to 1920 and it included battles,confrontations, as well as an intervention from the United States. This caused more than one million military and civil human losses. In order to understand the conflict better, one should analyze the roots of the conflict from its early years. The early years being when a dictator divided the opinion on whether it was good or not, the time known as the “Porfiriato.” It was an important period inMexican history since the country became industrialized and new technologies were introduced. All of this was part of a centralized economy were the benefits were for a small part of the population, while most of the people were living in extremely poor conditions. A cult for a European way of living became part of a campaign to show Mexico as a “civilized” country to the leading European powers.Even if the country’s economy was stable and prosperous, the many re-elections of the family Díaz, caused the medium classes’ discontent.
Porfirio Díaz was interviewed by Canadian-American journalist, James Creelman; in the interview he stated that Mexico was “ready” for Democracy.
“I don’t have any desire to continue in the Presidency. This nation is ready for her freedom”

These wordswere taken seriously by the people and many political organizations quickly organized, looking for candidates. Madero became a candidate and a real threat to Diaz who changed his mind and re-elected himself again. Diaz sent Madero to jail in San Luis Potosi where he escaped and redacted the document that began the Mexican Revolution. This document was called the “San Luis Plan” in Texas.
The“San Luis Plan” was in place to motivate the Mexicans to arise against the government and overthrow Porfirio Diaz, who at the time had been ruling the country for over 30 years. The San Luis Potosí plan is known as the only plan that calls for the rise in arms at a specific time and date; November the 20th 1910, from 6.00 P.M. “onwards” , it was a mere political plan, Madero’s rejection to violencechanged, he stated that the revolution was the only way since the pacific and legal manifestations didn’t work. People from all places of Mexico reacted to the call and many leaders such as Francisco Villa (born Doroteo Arango) and Emiliano Zapata invested in this an opportunity for a change and a land distribution for the peasants. Madero’s plan was a success! His main goal to overthrow Diaz...
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