First of all, we need to know what AIDS is, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is, as the name suggests, a collection of symptoms (syndrome) brought about by afailure of the immune system as the result of an acquired virus infection. (Professor Christopher Devine).
HIV and AIDS Estimates
Total Population* | 6.1 million (mid-2010) |
EstimatedPopulation Living with HIV/AIDS** | 35,000 [24,000–72,000] (2007) |
Adult HIV Prevalence** | 0.8% |
HIV Prevalence in Most-at-Risk Populations*** | Female Sex Workers: 5.7% (2009) MSM: 10.8%(2009) |
Percentage of HIV-Infected People Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy**** | 51% (end 2007) |
*U.S. Census Bureau **UNAIDS ***2009 Central American Sexual Behavior Surveillance estimates that in2007, 35,000 Salvadorans and STI/HIV Prevalence Survey **** WHO/UNAIDS/UNICEF Towards Universal Access, 2008
El Salvador is the second largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS in CentralAmerica. That country is a low HIV, but the virus remains an importance threat in groups with a high risk to contagious such as commercial sex workers and gays. The first case was in 1984. After that, thegovernment began initial HIV/AIDS prevention activities in 1988. In 2001, El Salvador protected patient’s rights and guaranteeing access to treatment.
In 2007 the Ministry of health detected35.000 Salvadorans on the Global Epidemic of AIDS. In 2008, the majority of infections were reported as sexually transmitted, the 9 percent were of homosexual and bisexual transmission. The range of ageto patients infected for the 25 to 59 age group. The other range infected for the 20 to 24 age group. That epidemic is most common in urban areas.
The factors of risk of an expanded epidemic in ElSalvador include early sexual initiation, avoid knowledge of preventive. The unmarried people don’t use condom, the most common people who don’t use condom is the adolescents. Other factor importance...