The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain. It’s located in the northwestern coast of continental Europe. It is an island country formed for an archipelago that includes Great Britain, the northeastern part of Ireland, and a lot of small islands.
The United Kingdom consists of four countries: England,Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. It is governed by a parliamentary system of London, the capital, but it has also three devolved national administrations in Belfast, Cardiff and Edinburgh, the capitals of Northern Ireland, Wales and Scotland. The Channel Island bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey, and the Isle of Man are not part of the UK. The UK has fourteen overseas territories.
But there is alot of confusion with the terms:
The British Isles is the name of England, Scotland, Wales, and the island of Ireland.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the name of England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and all the little islands.
Britain –or Great Britain- is just the island which includes England, Scotland and Wales.
England is just a part of the UnitedKingdom.
The Republic of Ireland is Southern Ireland, but is independent (not included on the UK).
The UK is a developed country, with the world's sixth largest economy. The UK nevertheless remains a major power with strong military, economic, cultural, scientific and political influence. It is a Member State of the European Union, of the United Nations Security Council, and of theCommonwealth of Nations, G8, G20, NATO, OECD, and the World Trade Organization.
THE POUND STERLING
ISLE OF MAN
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. Most of England comprises the central and southern part of the island of Great Britain. The country also includes about 100 smaller islands such asthe Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The total territory has 130. 400 Km ² around. (248,55 miles)
England has 9 regions: North West, North East, Yorkshire and Humberside, East Midlands, West Midlands, the East, Greater London, South East and South West.
The name "England" comes from the Old English word Englaland, which means "land of the Angles". The Angles were one of theGermanic tribes that were in England during the Early Middle Ages.
Christianity is the official religion in England.
The basic political system in England is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy. Today England is governed directly by the Parliament of the United Kingdom (has no government departments exclusively responsible for its central administration, although other countries ofthe United Kingdom have devolved governments).
England is the most populous country of the United Kingdom with over 51 million of habitants, an 84% of the combined total, and this is because the highest mountains are on the North of the island, so people are in lowlands, in England. Most of the country consists of lowland terrain, with mountainous terrain north-west of the Tees-Exe lineincluding the Cumbrian Mountains of the Lake District, the Pennines and limestone hills of the Peak District, Exmoor and Dartmoor. The main rivers and estuaries are the Thames, Severn and the Humber. England's highest mountain is Scafell Pike, which is in the Lake District. England has a number of large towns and cities, including six of the top 50 Larger Urban Zones in the European Union
Thereare a lot of important things that characterise it, like his figures of science or mathematics: (Newton, Darwin, Thomson…); the architecture, the literature: (Shakespeare), music: (Beatles, the Rolling Stones), the sports: (football), museums, libraries or galleries.
National Symbols of England
- The Tudor Rose (sometimes called The Union Rose): it’s a symbol of peace that was adopted in...
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