DALMACIO VÉLELEZ SERSFIELD
Dalmacio Vélez Sársfield was born in Amboy, a small town in the Calamuchita Valley, province of Córdoba, the 18 of 1800. He was an Argentinelawyer and politician who wrote the Argentine Civil Code of 1869.
His parents were Dalmacio Vélez Baigorri, who died before his son was born, and Rosa Sarsfield Palacios.
Dalmacio Vélez Sársfieldstudied at the Jesuit college in the provincial capital Córdoba, where he later continued his study of law.
Upon finishing his studies he became very active in politics and was elected to the youngChamber of Deputies. He was Minister of Justice on several occasions.
He died in Buenos Aires in 1875, at the age of 74.
CIVILE CODE OF ARGENTINA
Civil Code of Argentina is the legal codewhich forms the foundation of the system of civil law in Argentina.
The original code was approved on September 25, 1869,and became active on January 1, 1871. With numerous subsequent modifications.Vélez Sársfield's code reflects the influence of the continental law and liberal principles of the 17th century. It was also influenced by the great Napoleonic code, the Spanish laws in effect at thattime in Argentina, Roman law (especially through the work of Savigny), canon law, the draft of the Brazilian civil code by Freitas, and the influence of the Chilean civil code .
Approval of theArgentine civil code was necessary for judicial reasons and political reasons. It gave a new coherence and unity to civil law.
Vélez Sársfield dedicated much effort to the selection of an adequatemethod, and after receiving objections to the use of the methods of Justinian's Institutiones and of the French civil code, he decided to use the one followed by Freitas in his Consolidaçao das Leis Civis,which finds its origins in the teachings of Friedrich Karl von Savigny.
The compilation of the Civil Code was organized around a set of fundamental principles, which...