They lived on the outskirts of Memphis, narrow and irregular settlements of up to six kilometers long, connected by a network of roads under 250 km. Each family had three buildings: a rectangular house in summer, with wooden sticks and saplings adjusted covered with bark, a barn and winter round of sticks covered by an interweaving of more sticksand saplings covered with grass and mud. But many of them, after the Independence of the United States, adopted the cabins of the border. They were semi-nomadic and were separated from the Choctaws, with whom he originally could form a single tribe, as ranked Chactas chic North and South, were merchants and had matrilineal clans, each of which was distinguished by an animal emblem and was commandedby a Minko or a Council of Elders. The Tishu Minko was the principal chief. They had adual social division exogamous marriages, and lived on the intensive cultivation of maize. They practiced the same dances that the Creek, Seminole and Choctaw, as the Busk, the New Fire and the ceremony of harvest, had aliktce, shamans, healers, and hopoye, holy men. The main games were told and akabalti,similar to the call lacrosse. Their most important ceremony was the picofa, who believed that was used to cure diseases. Currently, however, are Baptists.
Their language is very similar to that of the Choctaws, and was widely used during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in the valley of the Mississippi River as the language of trade and intertribal communication. They were considered fiercewarriors who conquered peoples absorbed and controlled the northern tribes of its territory, but did not aspire to subjugate, but to defend its own territory. Women and children were taken prisoner by the tribe, but the warriors prisoners were tortured by the women of the tribe to death. Often enemies attacked the village to show their worth. And as war trophies, picked heads and hair (scalps).Location
The Chickasaws are original people of the American southeast, particularly Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky and Missouri. Most Chickasaws were forced to move to Oklahoma in the 1800's, and their descendants live in Oklahoma today. Some Chickasaws escaped by hiding or pretending to be white, and the descendants of these people are still living in the original Chickasawhomelands.
Chickasaw men wore a breechcloth, sometimes with leather leggings to protect their legs. Chickasaw women wore wraparound skirts made of woven fiber or deerskin. The Chickasaws also wore moccasins on their feet. Shirts were not necessary in Chickasaw culture, but men and women both wore poncho-style blouses in cooler weather. In colonial times, the Chickasaws adapted Europeancostume into their own characteristic style, including long colorful tunics for men and full skirts decorated with ribbon applied for women. Here are some photographs and links about Indian clothes in general.
The Chickasaws didn't wear long headdresses like the Sioux. Chickasaw men usually shaved their heads except for a single sclapock, and sometimes they would also wear a hair roach.(These headdresses were made of porcupine hair, not their sharp quills!) Chickasaw women often tied their hair up on top of their heads with strings of beads. Important Chickasaw men tattooed themselves with special patterns in honor of their accomplishments, and the Chickasaws often painted their faces and bodies bright colors during battles and festivals.
Today, some Chickasaw peoplestill wear moccasins or a ribbon shirt, but they wear modern clothes like jeans instead of breechcloths... and they only wear roaches in their hair on special occasions like a dance.
The Chickasaw Indians were farming people. Chickasaw women did most of the farming, harvesting crops of corn, beans, squash, and sunflowers. They also gathered wild plants such as nuts, berries, plums,...