Unitat 2 (respect) definitions 2

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ENGLISH DOSSIER
UNIT 2

RESPECT

Page 19

2. Match the phrases to the meanings
1. Comply with legal requirements --> a)obey the law
2. Take part in antisocial behaviour --> g) fail to conform to a social norm
3. Ban free speech --> i) prevent people from talking openly
4. Tolerate different opinions --> e) to have an open-minded attitude
5. Be unable to control oneself--> c) lack self-control
6. Restrict a person's freedom --> f) limit individual liberty
7. Be considerate to others --> h) take into account others' feelings
8. Report something --> d) tell someone in authority about an incident
9. Issue an order --> j) give a formal instruction
10. Break the law --> b) do something illegal
3. There is one wrong option in each sentence.Cross it out.
1. Law-abiding citiziens generally comply with the law/antisocial behaviour/regulations.
2. Some governments ban people from being tolerant/meeting others/talking
3. Caring people are considerate/control their behaviour/take part in antisocial behaviour
4. Some students dont' comply with/ban/respect their school rules
5. The police can break the law/restrict individual freedom/issueorders
Your Trivia Test
1. C
2. C
3. A
4. B
5. A

Page 21

3. Are the sentences true or false? Quote words from the text to support your view.
1. ASBOs are for controlling children and teenagers. True (lines 31-37)
2. If you report your neighbors to the police in Britain, they may get an ASBO. True (lines 12-19)
3. People who get ASBOs have to go to prison. False (lines 42-45)
4.One of the criticisms of the system is that it limits the individual liberty of the British people. True (lines 54-60)
4. Choose the best answer according to the text.
1. C
2. D
3. C
4. B
5. A
6. C
5. Find words in the text that mean

Page 22
Modal verbs: obligation, advice and prohibition
Read de sentences and note the modal verbs. Match them to uses a-d.
1. We all must/have to obeythe law. C
2. A good citizen should/ought to be considerate. D
3. You don’t have to/ needn’t know much about the law to know what is right and wrong. A
4. In the UK, you mustn’t/can’t smoke in pubs. B

Modal verbs: ability and permission
Read the sentences and note the modal verbs. Match them to uses a-c.
1. I can drive- I passed my test last year. B
2. Could/ Can/ May I go out tonight?A
3. You can smoke in smoking rooms. A
4. I could do the splits when I was younger. C

1. Complete the sentences using must, mustn’t, don’t have to, should, shouldn’t or can’t
1. I think you should talk to you neighbors about problems before going to the police.
2. Jack’s ASBO says he mustn’t meet Sam for three months.
3. You can’t make noise here after 11pm. It’s illegal.
4. Peoplewith ASBOs must obey them, or they may go to prison.
5. The police in England are very strict. You shouldn’t be rude to them.
6. You don’t have to be friendly to your neighbors but is a good idea.

3a Complete the sentences with the correct modal verbs of ability or permission.
1. You could go into a pub with an adult when you are 16, but you can’t drink alcohol.
2. I’m 16 years old now.Next year I will be able to drive.
3. Our friends have never may control their son.
4. Could I left school early tomorrow, Mr. Jones?

Obligation and advice in the past
Read the sentences and note the modal verbs. Match them to uses a-c.
1. I think they should have/ shouldn’t have called the police. B
2. According to the conditions of her ASBO, she had to be back at home every day beforedark. A
3. They needn’t have sent her prison. C

4. Read the sentences and choose the correct verb.
1. After she got an ASBO for graffiti, she had to clean/should have cleaned the walls in the streets near her house.
2. I think you should have reports/had to report them the police. They were breaking the law.
3. The had to pick up/ should have picked up all the litter they dropped....
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