IV to XI century, the lowlands of the Peten region of Guatemala were the heart of the flourishing Maya civilization. After the fall of the states of the lowlands, the central highland Maya states remained until being conquered by the Spanish, who first arrived in 1523 and settled the area.During the colonial period (1523-1821), Guatemala was the capital of the Captaincy General of Guatemala, which included the modern countries of Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, and the territory of Chiapas, the captaincy in turn dependent viceroyalty of New Spain (now Mexico).
Guatemala gave name to one of the hearings that the Spanish settled in America. The conquestof the country was commissioned by Hernan Cortes Pedro de Alvarado, who soon put the territory, and in 1527 was appointed governor and captain general of Guatemala and its provinces. In 1543 he created the Court, who called for restraint, for he had set at a border point in the provinces of Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua and in 1549 was moved to Guatemala City. During the time of Americanindependence relative peace reigned in Guatemala until 1821, when the events changed the situation in Mexico
Central America gained independence from Spain on September 15, 1821, a day before Mexico. Due to insecurity of government, the leaders agreed to join the Mexican Empire of Agustin de Itubide a year later.
On September 14, 1821, Brigadier and Deputy Inspector of Troops, Don Gabino Gainza,convened the historic session called to be carried out in the National Palace in Guatemala at 8:00 am the next day. The National Palace was located in what is now known as Centennial Park.
Among the many attendees, emphasized Beltranena Don Mario, Don J. Mariano Calderon, Don José Matías Delgado, Manuel Antonio de Molina, Don Mariano de Larrave, Don Antonio de Rivera, Don J. Larrave Antonio,Don Isidro del Valle and Castriciones, Don Mariano de Aycinena, Don Pedro de Arroyave, Don Lorenzo de Romagna, Domingo Dieguez, Don José Cecilio del Valle, Dr. Don Pedro Molina and Don Gabino Gainza Brigadier same.
These characters signed the Declaration of Independence from Spain on September 15, 1821. Notable was a board made up with members of the audience hall, church, university faculty,consulate, trade, law school and other personalities. That historic day was sworn in as Supreme Chief executive Brigadier Don Gabino Gainza, who ruled Guatemala until June 23, 1822, when it was replaced by Don Vicente Filisola.
1821 INDEPENDENCE FROM WHOM ...??
Once the policy bank independence in Central America in 1821, Consitución dictates of the Republic, that Article 13 states abolishedslavery.
The constituents also demand an official language (Catellano obviously), despite having very many native languages as well as make it clear that the same should be canceled and removed all the indigenous languages.
Establish positions and jobs that will only be provided for people literate and also helps them to pay taxes.
Desideratum is set as the indigenous and ladino fit and wear.As you can see, Creole-conservative policies of the first constitutional experience, are clearly ethnocidal (destruction of the culture of a people) and it sets all over the Indian colonial prejudices.
It is my intention to bore you with history, but I want to make clear that the independence that was given here was a bourgeois independence, in favor of the Creole families (children ofSpanish-born Guatemalan territory, in this case). On behalf of the colony and completely against the slaves and indigenous peoples.
Today in Guatemala still practiced slavery sneaky ... the big landowners, owners of sugar mills, industry and large areas of land, maintain the power and economic dominance. The indigenous and poor people down to the farms to work. They leave their farms and down the...