“Revolution” means a rapid, fundamental and possibly irreversible change; therefore a “Social revolution” means a rapid, fundamental and possibly irreversible change in the political institutions (as these organize society), social structure (classes), leadership and government activities and policies. Understanding this last term it can bequestioned if there was a social revolution in Nazi Germany (1933-1945), from its initial goals to their final results.
At first it is important to understand that the consideration of any factor of the Nazi Germany depends in the point of contrast. Aspects of the Nazi Germany can be is analysed in contrast of the antecedent period, the Weimar Republic (1918-1933), or the traditional German culture(before the Weimar republic) with its political and social factors. As a result, one factor that is revolutionary towards one period may be reactionary to the other, as Weimar Republic was a change in the traditional Germany.
An example of an aspect in Nazi Germany being revolutionary for the Weimar Republic is the change in the political structure. The Nazi regime political structure centralizedall the power in the Führer. The operation of Hitler’s government can be defined as “Working towards the Führer”, where Hitler had absolute and unquestionable authority. Institutions established in the Weimar constitution such as the Reichstag, the Cabinet, the local governments, the Foreign Office and the Reich Chancellery changed is initially dictated purposes, were bypassed or felt into disuse.Therefore the Nazi political structure was revolutionary to the democratic principled structure of the Weimar Republic.
Now, regarding an economic system it can be perceived that there was not a change neither the Weimar Republic nor the traditional Germany, thus it was reactionary towards both. In the three periods, traditional Germany, Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany the capitalism existed.And even though the Nazi’s goals in the beginning with the 25-points were to create a socialist state the result was completely opposite. The capitalism was maintained and Hitler’s anti-bolshevism was going to prevent it to be changed. This is an example of how the ideal was revolutionary but the result was reactionary.
The prevailing of the capitalism cause also prevalence of the classesdistribution, which is a conservative posture from what was being lived. There was no redistribution of property in a significant level that meant a change in society. The capitalism economic system difficult the lower classes to overcome or equalize the upper classes. As Hitler in the advanced Nazi Regime centralized all the power the elites had no rule over Germany as they did before, but they maintainedtheir economical superiority. This was completely opposite to Nazi´s initial goals and to the propaganda which talked about “Volksgemeinschaft” (National Community or a classless German society). The traditional class distribution was challenged ideologically but produced no real change in society. Then, it can be seen how ideologically it was revolutionary go against the class separation andpromise a classless society but in reality it was kept the same.
As the classes kept the same the worker’s class was below all of them and they were repressed with new policies, this maintaining the same oppression they were suffering. The trade Unions were abolishment and replacement by the DAF (Deutsche Arbeitsfront) a state organization meant the legal oppression the government was imparting theworkers. The workers had fewer opportunities and worked improving the condition of the employer, maintaining the same chain of benefits and opportunities that already existed. The Nazis had as initial goal to avoid this with socialist goals but these were never put into practice and policies to benefit the workers such as the Volkswagon promise failed. As final result the condition of the...