Between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men, laterknown as the King's Men. He appears to have retired to Stratford around 1613, where he died three years later.
Shakespeare produced most of his work was plays were mainly comedies and histories,genres he raised to the peak of sophistication and artistry by the end of the 16th century. He then wrote mainly tragedies , including Hamlet, King Lear, and Macbeth, considered some of thefinest works in the English language. In his last phase, produced romances, and collaborated with other playwrights.
Many of his plays were published in editions of varying quality and accuracy duringhis lifetime. In 1623, two of his former theatrical colleagues published the First Folio, a collected edition of his dramatic works that included all but two of the plays now recognized asShakespeare's.
Shakespeare was a respected poet and playwright in his own day, but his reputation did not rise to its present heights until the 19th century. The Romans, in particular, acclaimedShakespeare's genius, and the Victorians worshipped Shakespeare with a reverence that George Bernard Shaw. In the 20th century, his work was repeatedly adopted and rediscovered by new movements inscholarship and performance. His plays remain highly popular today and are constantly studied, performed and reinterpreted in diverse cultural and political contexts throughout the world.