Páginas: 7 (1619 palabras) Publicado: 7 de septiembre de 2012
NOMBRE: Kevin Jefferson Muñoz Molina
CURSO: III Bachillerato Comercio Exterior “A”


The laws of a state as a separate legal entity that has privileges and liabilities that are distinct from those of its members. There are many different forms of corporations, most of which are used to conduct business. Early corporations were established by charter (i.e. by an ad hoc act passedby a parliament or legislature). Most jurisdictions now allow the creation of new corporations through registration.


Equity is the residual claim or interest of the most junior class of investors in assets, after all liabilities are paid. If liability exceeds assets, negative equity exists. In an accounting context, Shareholders' equity (or stockholders' equity, shareholders' funds,shareholders' capital or similar terms) represents the remaining interest in assets of a company, spread among individual shareholders of common or preferred stock.


A subsidiary company, subsidiary, or daughter company111 is a company that is completely or partly owned and wholly controlled by another company that owns more than half of the subsidiary's stock. An operatingsubsidiary is a business term frequently used within the United States railroad industry. In the case of a railroad, it refers to a company that is a subsidiary but operates with its own identity, locomotives and rolling stock. In contrast, a non-operating subsidiary would exist on paper only (i.e. stocks, bonds, articles of incorporation) and would use the identity and rolling stock of the parentcompany.


A sale is the act of selling a product or service in return for money or other compensation. It is an act of completion of a commercial activity.


is often defined simply as the management of money or "funds" management. Modern finance, however, is a family of business activity that includes the origination, marketing, and management of cash and money surrogatesthrough a variety of capital accounts, instruments, and markets created for transacting and trading assets, liabilities, and risks. Finance is conceptualized, structured, and regulated by a complex system of power relations within political economies across state and global markets.


A good is something that is intended to satisfy some wants or needs of a consumer and thus has economicutility. It is normally wed in the plural form—goods—to denote tangible commodities such as
products and materials.


Regulation is administrative legislation that constitutes or constrains rights and allocates responsibilities. It can be distinguished from primary legislation (by Parliament or elected legislative body) on the one hand and judge-made law on the other.111 Regulationcan take many forms: legal restrictions promulgated by a government authority, self-regulation by an industry such as through a trade association, social regulation (e.g. norms), co-regulation, or market regulation. One can consider regulation as actions of conduct imposing sanctions, such as a fine, to the extent permitted by the law of the land. This action of administrative law, or implementingregulatory law, may be contrasted with statutory or case law. /


A common carrier in common-law countries (corresponding to a public carrier in civil-law systems,111 usually called simply a carrier) is a person or company that transports goods or people for any person or company and that is responsible for any possible loss of the goods during transport.121 A common carrier offers itsservices to the general public under license or authority provided by a regulatory body. The regulatory body has usually been granted "ministerial authority" by the legislation which created it. The regulatory body may create, interpret, and enforce its regulations upon the common carrier (subject to judicial review) with independence and finality, as long as it acts within the bounds of the...
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