America is the second largest continent in the world after Asia. It stretches from the Arctic Ocean in the north to Cape Horn in the south, at the confluence of Atlantic and Pacific oceans that define the continent to the east and west, respectively. With an area of 42,000,000 km over, is the second largest land mass of the planet, covering 8.3% of the total surfaceof the planet and 30.2% of the landmass, and also concentrates near the 12% of the human population. Due to its large size and geographical characteristics, America is traditionally divided into North America, Central America, the Caribbean and South America. Some geographers consider Central America and the Caribbean within North America. Given its cultural characteristics are distinguishedAnglo America and Latin America. America began to have a massive and significant contact with the Old World since 1492 by Christopher Columbus, although there are traces of Viking settlement dating from the eleventh century, and which are part of world heritage from the Unesco.
Intangible Cultural Heritage
The Argentinian tradition of the Tango, now familiar around theworld, was developed by the urban lower classes in Buenos Aires in the Rio de la Plata basin. Among this mix of European immigrants to the region, descendants of African slaves and the natives of the region known as creoles, a wide range of customs, beliefs and rituals were merged and transformed into a distinctive cultural identity. As one of the most recognizable embodiments of that identity, themusic, dance and poetry of tango both embodies and encourages diversity and cultural dialogue. It is practiced in the traditional dance halls of Buenos Aires, spreading the spirit of its community across the globe even as it adapts to new environments and changing times. That community today includes musicians, professional and amateur dancers, choreographers, composers, songwriters, teachers of theart and the national living treasures who embody the culture of tango. Tango is also incorporated into celebrations of national heritage in Argentina, reflecting the widespread embrace of this popular urban music.
Cueva de las Manos, Rio Pinturas
It contains an exceptional assemblage of cave art, executed between 13,000 and 9,500 years ago. It takes its name (Cave of theHands) from the stenciled outlines of human hands in the cave, but there are also many depictions of animals, such as guanacos, still commonly found in the region, as well as hunting scenes. The people responsible for the paintings may have been the ancestors of the historic hunter-gatherer communities of Patagonia found by European settlers in the 19th century.
Jesuit Block and Estancias,Cordoba
The Jesuit Block in Córdoba, heart of the former Jesuit Province of Paraguay, contains the core buildings of the Jesuit system: the university, the church and residence of the Society of Jesus, and the college. Along with the five estancias, or farming estates, they contain religious and secular buildings, which illustrate the unique religious, social, and economic experiment carried out inthe world for a period of over 150 years in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis, San Ignacio Mini- Santa Ana- Nuestra Señora de Loreto- Santa María Mayor
It lies at the heart of a tropical forest. They are the impressive remains of five Jesuit missions, built in the land of the Guaranis during the 17th and 18th centuries. Each is characterized by a specific layout and adifferent state of conservation.
Quebrada de Huamahuaca
It follows the line of a major cultural route, the Camino Inca, along the spectacular valley of the Rio Grande, from its source in the cold high desert plateau of the High Andean lands to its confluence with the Rio Leone some 150 km to the south. The valley shows substantial evidence of its use as a major trade route over the past...