1ºA Turismo Bilingüe
THE MEDITERRANEAN DIET: an Intangible Heritage
The Mediterranean diet is a group of competences, knowledge, practices and traditions related with thehuman food that covers cultivations, crops and fishing, as well as the conservation, the transformation and the preparation of the food and the consumption of these.
In particular this diet, whichremains in force from about 9.000 years ago, consists of the main following ingredients: the olive oil as essential fat, cereals, fresh or dry fruits and vegetables, a moderate consumption of meat,fish and dairy products, and plenty of seasonings and spices, that can be accompanied by wine or tea.
The Mediterranean diet, whose name comes from the Greek word "diaita", that means ‘way of lifethat doesn’t consists only in food, but it is a cultural element that encourages social interaction’. The Mediterranean diet has also caused a group of knowledge, singing, proverbs, stories andlegends.
The Mediterranean diet is linked to an attitude of respect for the land and the biodiversity and ensures the conservation and the development of traditional activities related to agriculture andfishing in many communities of Mediterranean countries, like Soria in Spain, Koroni in Greece, Cilento in Italy and Xauén in Morocco. The women in this case take care of something very important, totransmit the customs and practices of this diet and the specific knowledge of the rituals, gestures and traditional celebrations, and save the techniques that include this diet.
The initiative tosubmit the candidacy to UNESCO of the Mediterranean diet came up in Spain, by the MARM and the Mediterranean Diet Foundation, which started up the work for the development of the candidacy document oftransnational character, which Greece, Italy and Morocco also have participated in it.
The fact that the Mediterranean diet has been recognized as intangible heritage by UNESCO, it will give value...