FIGHT FOR FREEDOM IN MEXICO
It's known by the name of the Bicentennial of Mexican Independence festivities group were held in Mexico, to celebrate the 200th anniversary of the beginning of armed struggle for independence from Mexico in 2010. Also known as Bicentennial Mexico. The year 2010 was designated the Year of the Nation byPresident of Mexico, Felipe Calderon.
On 15 and September 16, 2010, were the official days of the celebrations, although various events held prior to these dates. The festivities were held in parallel with the celebrations of the centenary of the Mexican Revolution.
After the conquest of the Aztec Empire (better known as the Conquest of Mexico), on August 13, 1521 by Hernan Cortes, theMexican people remained under Spanish control. The new settlers began to settle in their new territory and began the expansion (including submission of the few surviving native people).
So they founded what was New Spain. The Spanish took over the administration of the new state as well as the distribution of land among the inhabitants. Various social classes were created (called castes): Spanish(born in Spain and living in the new territory), Creole (Spanish-born children of New Spain), mestizos (children of Spanish and Indians), Indians (natives) and blacks (who were slaves.)
The first ones were the dominant class, with access to the best governmental, ecclesiastic and military positions as well as big business. The Creoles were a less privileged class, were devoting themselvesprincipally to the trade, were priests or military men of minor range. The half-caste ones (those who could accede to the education) together with the Indians had very few opportunities of progress. The blacks were exploited brutally in the agricultural fields, in the mines and other heavy duty.
CONSPIRACY AND BEGINNING OF THE FIGHT
Before that inequality there arose diverse groups that were trying toinitiate a fight to achieve a better economic, social and political structure in this Spanish colony headed principally by the Creoles. The most notable was the Querétaro headed by Dona Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez and his husband the sheriff Michael Domínguez.
At that meeting, is planned to start a revolution against the Spanish regime demanding major equity. This situation was discovered, for whatAllende (one of the leaders of this war) was commissioned to prevent the priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla who decided to advance the date of the battle.
Thus, on September 16, 1810, taking in his hand the banner of the Virgin of Guadalupe, the parish priest of Dolores, Guanajuato called founding father (Miguel Hidalgo) rang the bells calling the community to church. It was very early when peoplestarted to arrive and when there was a reasonable amount of people gathered summoned them to fight for their freedom and better living conditions.
Taking machetes, spades, beaks and other elements of work; men, women and enclosed children joined the movement, together with other prominent figures as Ignacio Allende, Juan Ignacio Aldama and Mariano Abasolo. From this moment, they advanced to diverseparts of the country attacking the Spanish army and obtaining both victories and human losses.
DEATH OF HIDALGO: JOSÉ MARÍA MORELOS Y PAVÓN FIGHTING CONTINUES
Notable battles such as the Monte de las Cruces, the Bridge of Calderón Aculco and were led by the leaders mentioned above, however, after the last fight they walked toward the United States to supply, being caught and arrested in theBajan Norias , sentenced to death, shot or beheaded. Their heads were hung on the Corn Exchange Granaditas in Guanajuato as a warning of the fate of anyone who revolted.
Morelos continued movement along with other men like Ignacio Lopez Rayon and brothers Joseph and Hermenegildo Galeana. The main achievements were the adoption of what would be the country's first constitution called Constitution...