Michael Wigglesworth (1631-1705) was an American Puritan poet, physician, and minister. His poem "The Day of Doom" enjoyed a popular success unequaled in America before Longfellow.
MichaelWigglesworth was born probably in Yorkshire, England, on Oct. 18, 1631. The family went to Charlestown, Mass., in 1638 and soon settled in New Haven, Conn. There was no shelter on the land allotted to theWigglesworths, and they spent the first winter in a cellar hole. Wilderness hardships took their toll. The father, broken in health, was unable to manage the farm alone and had to ask Michael to interrupthis New Haven schooling and come home. Michael, so frail that he was of limited help, was finally encouraged to prepare for Harvard College; he graduated first in his class in 1651; he continued onas fellow and as tutor. After receiving his master's degree in 1656, he became minister of the Congregational Church at Malden.
Wigglesworth had had some medical training in college and, in 1663, on atrip for his health, took up medicine again. Afterward he was both physician and minister, but poor health plagued him. In 1697 he was elected a fellow of Harvard; some say that he was offered thepresidency but refused it because of his health.
Introspective and often despondent, Wigglesworth worried unceasingly about his spiritual and physical well-being. Yet his contemporaries loved andrespected this "feeble little shadow of a man," as Cotton Mather called him. He married three times (outliving two wives) and had eight children. He died in Malden on May 27, 1705.
In the long ballad, TheDay of Doom, written in 1662, Wigglesworth attempted to make Christ's judgment vivid to a popular audience. The damnation of sinners on that day is terrifyingly described; the elect reign eternallywith Christ. Almost 1,800 copies were sold in a year; four editions of the poem appeared in Massachusettts and in England before 1701. Doubtless most New Englanders read, heard about, or owned this... [continua]

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