THE LAND OF THE RISING SUN
The Japanese culture is the result of a historical process that starts with the immigrant people that came from the Asian continent and the Pacific Ocean Islands, followed by a strong Chinese influence culture, and afterwards, a long isolated period from the rest of the world (sakoku) from the part of the shogunatoTokugawa until the beginning of Meiji era, at theend of the 19th century where, Japan receives a strong foreign influence which increases after the end of the Second World War. This was the result of a different culture, from other Asian cultures.
In Japan personal relationships are strongly influenced by the ideas of “honor”, “obligation”, and “should”, together known as girl, representing a different habit and individualistic culture of Westernliberal countries. The concepts of “morality” and “desirable behaviors” are less practiced in family situations, school and friendship. However ,there is a more formal practice in front of superiors or strangers. One aspect that has had a significant role in Japanese culture is the Japanese language. Also practiced nemawashi, which refers to the careful and serious preparation of a project thatreflects the harmony accepted and respected within Japanese culture. On the other hand , the Japanese have a sense of humor intricate and complicated, reflected much in the language , culture, religion, and ethics, and is sometimes considered to be very difficult to interpret for other cultures.
In Japan you can find two types of clothing: traditional and modern. In the traditional dresshighlights the kimono (literally “thing to wear”), which is a garment striking long used by women, men and children on special occasions, which consists of a background, a lining and striking top. Kimono sleeves also differentiate married women singles. The kimono and is rarely used because of its difficulty of use, even in antiquity there were people who engaged to dress people in kimonos. Othergarments worn by the Japanese are Yukata, it is a light summer kimono, the hakama a ceremonial garment, the jinbei it is a light garment worn by men and they wear it as a pajama and the junihitoe a feminine garment for women similar to the kimono and worn by the noble.
The three monkeys (saru san in Japanese) , also known as “the three wise monkeys” or “three mystical monkeys” arerepresented in a wooden sculpture Jingor Hidari (1594-1634) , located on the stables sacred shrine Toshogu (1636), built in honor of Togukawa leyasu in Nikko, north of Tokyo (Japan).
Japanese names of the three monkeys are , Mizaru,kikazaru,Iwazaru, means “ not see, hear,say”, without specifying what the monkeys do not see, hear or say. Traditionally been understood as “see no evil, hear noevil and say no evil”, the saying had its translation of the Chinese moral code Santai, the philosophy which promulgated the use of the three senses in the observation near the observable world. Later this moral code was linked to the three monkeys, the association is attributed to Denkyo Daishi (also known as Saich) (767-822), founder of the Tendaishu, the Japanese branch of the Taitai BuddhistCollege during the Heian period (794-1185). This association comes from the homonymy that between Zaru (a negative case in Japanese), which appears three times in the moral code, and the Japanese word for monkey, saru which becomes zaru when combined with certain words. The reason for the three monkeys became very popular among the Japanese people during the Kamakura period (1185-1392).ARCHITECTURE
Japanese architecture (Nihon, kenchiku) has a history as any other aspect of Japanese culture. Although strongly influenced by Chinese architecture, also teaches a number of important differences and aspects which could be described as uniquely Japanese. For most, those buildings that have survived to this day and show obvious signs of pre-modern Japanese architecture are, in general,...
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