In 1607 a group of English settlers built a tiny village in Jamestown, Virginia. Carriers of a charter of King James I of England, founded the first colony and the first seven months after his arrival. But over time the colony grew and prospered. Virginians discovered how to make money with the cultivation of snuff, which began shipping to England in 1614.
In New England,the northeastern region of what is now the United States, the English Puritans established several colonies. These settlers believed that the Church of England had taken too many practices of Catholicism, and came to America fleeing persecution in England and land with the intention of founding a colony based on their own religious ideals. A group of Puritans, known as the pilgrims crossed theAtlantic in a ship called the Mayflower and settled in Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1620. A much larger Puritan colony was established in the Boston area in 1630. For 1635, some settlers were already emigrating to the nearby Connecticut.
Came all kinds of people: adventurers, rogues, fervent believers, builders, dreamers. America promised them, as the poet Robert Frost, a new beginning for mankind.Since then, Americans have seen their country as a great experiment, a valuable model for other nations. New England also established another tradition: a trait often intolerant moralism. The Puritans believed that government should enforce morality of God. Severely punished drinkers, adulterers, rapists Seventh Day and heretics. In the Puritan colonies the right to vote was limited to churchmembers and ministers' salaries were paid in taxes.
Roger Williams, a Puritan who disagreed with the decisions of the community, said the state should not intervene in religious affairs. Forced to leave Massachusetts in 1635, he founded the neighboring colony of Rhode Island, which guaranteed religious freedom and separation of church and state. Colonies of Maryland, established in 1634 as a refugefor Catholics, and Pennsylvania, founded in 1681 by Quaker leader William Penn, also characterized by its religious tolerance. This tolerance, in turn, attracted other groups of settlers to the New World.
Over time, the British colonies in North America were occupied by many groups of non-British origin. German farmers settled in Pennsylvania, the Swedes founded the colony of Delaware and the firstAfrican slaves arrived in Virginia in 1619. In 1626, Dutch settlers bought the island of Manhattan to the Indian leaders of the region and built the city of New Amsterdam in 1664, this colony was taken by the English and renamed New York.
In 1770 had already been several small urban centers but in the process of expansion, and each of them had newspapers, shops, merchants and craftsmen.Philadelphia, with 28,000 inhabitants, was the largest city, followed by New York, Boston and Charleston. Unlike most other nations, America never had a feudal aristocracy. In the colonial era, land was abundant and labor scarce, and every free man had the opportunity to achieve, if not prosperity, at least financially independent.
All colonies shared the tradition of representative government. TheEnglish monarch appointed many of the colonial governors, but all of them should rule together with an elected assembly. The vote was restricted to white male landowners, but most white men had property enough to vote. England could not exercise direct control over its American colonies. London was too far, and the colonists had a very independent spirit.
In 1733, the British had occupied thirteencolonies along the Atlantic coast from New Hampshire in the north to Georgia in the South:
* New Hampshire,
* Rhode Island
* New York,
* New Jersey,
* North Carolina
* South Carolina
The French controlled Canada and Louisiana, which...