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Tendencias Epistemológicas de la Investigación Científica en el Siglo XXI
Epistemological Trends in 21st Century Scientific ResearchDr. José Padrón (josepadrong@fundacionlineai.org) Universidad Simón Rodríguez (Caracas, Venezuela)
Abstract
Recent trends in epistemology of science and of scientific research are discussed in thispaper, under an explanatory view that considers them as observational variations occurring in a timeline, generated from a few underlying ahistorical and pretheoretical frames called “epistemologicalapproaches”, isomorphically as the known differences between “surface” and “deep” structures or between “type” and “token”, etc. Within this hypothetical assumption avoiding a merely narrative orhistorical description and within some other criteria, firstly an essential reference, the epistemology of science between 1920 and 1990, is characterized as the key for understanding variations and trendsthat take place during the last 16 years in the development of epistemology of science. In the second main part, recent trends are discussed and explained. A more general and deeper view concerningthe applicability of epistemology to the everyday practice of research is stressed in the concluding section.
Key words: theory, research, scientific knowledge, trends, applications
Resumen
En estedocumento se discuten las recientes tendencias de la epistemología (entendida como teoría de la ciencia y de la investigación), desde un punto de vista explicativo que las considera como variacionesobservacionales que aparecen en un cierto lapso, pero que son generadas por marcos subyacentes de carácter ahistórico y preteórico, llamados “enfoques epistemológicos”, de modo isomórfico a lasconocidas diferencias entre estructuras “superficial” y “profunda” o entre “type” y “token”, etc. Dentro de esta presuposición hipotética, alejada de una descripción meramente narrativa o histórica, y... [continua]

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