Finanza vocabulario

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Glosario de Finanza

1.stock split-increases the number of shares in a public company.

2.bull market-a financial market of a group of securities in which prices are rising or are expected torise.

3.bear market-a market condition in which the prices of securities are falling, and widespread pessimism causes the negative sentiment to be self-sustaining.

4.margin account-a brokerageaccount in which the broker lends the customer cash to purchase securities.

5.short selling-the selling of a security that the seller does not own, or any sale that is completed by the delivery of asecurity borrowed by the seller.

6.option-a financial derivative that represents a contract sold by one party to another party.

7.yield-the income return on an investment.

8.E.P.S.-the portionof a company's profit allocated to each outstanding share of common stock.

9.leverage-the use of various financial instruments or borrowed capital, such as margin, to increase the potential returnof an investment.

10.hedging-is an advanced investing strategy.

11.equity-a stock or any other security representing an ownership interest.

12.par value-the face value of a bond.

13.couponrate-the interest rate stated on a bond when it's issued.

14.prime rate-the interest rate that commercial banks charge their most credit-worthy customers.

15.discount rate-the interest ratethat an eligible depository institution is charged to borrow short-term funds directly from a Federal Reserve Bank.

16.broker-an individual or firm that charges a fee or commission for executing buyand sell orders submitted by an investor.

17.dealer-an individual or firm willing to buy or sell securities for their own account.

18.stock exchange-is total market capitalization of its listedsecurities.

19.bubble-an economic cycle characterized by rapid expansion followed by a contraction.

20.recession-a significant decline in activity across the economy, lasting longer than a few...
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