1.stock split-increases the number of shares in a public company.
2.bull market-a financial market of a group of securities in which prices are rising or are expected torise.
3.bear market-a market condition in which the prices of securities are falling, and widespread pessimism causes the negative sentiment to be self-sustaining.
4.margin account-a brokerageaccount in which the broker lends the customer cash to purchase securities.
5.short selling-the selling of a security that the seller does not own, or any sale that is completed by the delivery of asecurity borrowed by the seller.
6.option-a financial derivative that represents a contract sold by one party to another party.
7.yield-the income return on an investment.
8.E.P.S.-the portionof a company's profit allocated to each outstanding share of common stock.
9.leverage-the use of various financial instruments or borrowed capital, such as margin, to increase the potential returnof an investment.
10.hedging-is an advanced investing strategy.
11.equity-a stock or any other security representing an ownership interest.
12.par value-the face value of a bond.
13.couponrate-the interest rate stated on a bond when it's issued.
14.prime rate-the interest rate that commercial banks charge their most credit-worthy customers.
15.discount rate-the interest ratethat an eligible depository institution is charged to borrow short-term funds directly from a Federal Reserve Bank.
16.broker-an individual or firm that charges a fee or commission for executing buyand sell orders submitted by an investor.
17.dealer-an individual or firm willing to buy or sell securities for their own account.
18.stock exchange-is total market capitalization of its listedsecurities.
19.bubble-an economic cycle characterized by rapid expansion followed by a contraction.
20.recession-a significant decline in activity across the economy, lasting longer than a few...