Was originated in India by Siddhartha Gautama. (523 BCE)
The doctrine of reincarnation:
Indians believed that when someone died, his soul was reincarnated in anotherbody.
The law of Karma:
In India, the word karma means “action.” The cycle of Samsara is driven by an inexorable law: what you do now, will produce some result in a future life.
The realms of rebirth:6 realms are considered into which you can be born (as god, demigod, or a lesser god etc).
Leaders of the Religion
Holy land: Bodhgaya
Holy Days/Special Days:
Vesak (Buddha Day)
Magha Puja Day (Sangha Day)
Asalha Puja Day (Dharma Day)
Uposatha (observance Day)
Ulambana (Ancestors Day)
"Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it.
Do not believe in anything simply because it is spoken and rumored bymany.
Do not believe in anything simply because it is found written in your religious books.
Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders.
Do not believe intraditions simply because they have been handed down for many generations.
But after observation and analysis, when you find that anything agrees with reason and is conducive to the good and benefit of oneand all, then accept it and live up to it."
c. 480 BCE | Birth of the Buddha in Kapilavastu. |
c. 450 BCE | The Buddha's enlightenment and first sermon. |
c. 405 BCE | Deathof the Buddha. |
c. 405 BCE | First Buddhist Council, at Rajagrha. |
c. 350 BCE | Second Buddhist Council, at Vaisali. |
327-325 BCE | Alexander the Great in India. |
c. 300 BCE | Buddhismarrives in SE Asia. |
272 BCE | Emperor Asoka takes throne. |
250 BCE | Third Buddhist Council, resulting in Great Schism and Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism |
247 BCE | Mahinda introduces...