Historia de la enfermeria en ingles

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INSTITUTO MEXICANO DEL SEGURO SOCIAL
DELEGACION ESTATAL EN YUCATÁN
JEFATURA DELEGACIONAL DE PRESTACIONES MÉDICAS
COORDINACIÓN DELEGACIONAL DE EDUCACION EN SALUD
ESCUELA DE ENFERMERIA INCORPORADA A LA U.A.D.Y.



ASIGNATURA: INGLÉS

TITULO: “CHILDHOOD OBESITY”

ALUMN: UICAB CAMPO MARICARMEN

SEMESTRE: 4° SEMESTRE GRUPO: B

DOCENTE: M.Sc VERÓNICA DÍAZ ARCE

COORDINADORA: L.E.NOHEMY BONILLA DZIB

MÉRIDA, YUCATÁN March 18th 2011

INDEX

Content…………………………………………………………………………….. Page
Abstract……………………………………….……………………………………….3
Introduction…………………………………………………………………………...4
“Childhood obesity”…………………………………………………………………..5
Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………….9
References……………………………………………………………………………10

CHILDHOOD OBESITY
ABSTRACT
Childhood obesity is a seriousmedical condition that affects children and adolescents. It occurs when a child is well above the normal weight for his or her age and height. Childhood obesity is particularly concerned because the extra pounds often start children on the path to health problems that were once confined to adults, such as diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Can also lead to poor self-esteem anddepression.
The most comprehensive and comparable national representative data on trends in the prevalence of obesity are from the USA, there nationally representative surveys undertaken in the 1960s were followed by the series of national health and nutricion examination surveys from 1971 onwards. The most recent publications (for surveys conducted in 2003-2004) show that 36% of children aged 6-17were overweight, including 13% obese. These figures are bases on the international criteria for overweight and obesity, and compare with 36% and 18% respectively using us-defined cut-offs.
In Canada 26% of younger children and 29%of older children were found to be overweight in a 2004 survey, almost exactly double the prevalence levels found among children 25 years earlier. In Brazil, theprevalence of overweight amongst school-aged children was 14% in 1997, compared with 4% in 1974, in Chile; in 2000 the prevalence of overweight among school children was 26%.
There are a few data available for schoolchildren in most other south and Central American countries, but some data have been collected for pre-school children. In Bolivia, the prevalence of overweight was 23% in 1997, and in theDominican Republic it was 15% in 1996. In afew countries in the region, obesity prevalence has fallen: in Columbia it fell from 5% to 3% between 1986 and 1995.

INTRODUCTION
In this text I will talk about childhood obesity, I like this issue because I think it is very important because it affects us all sorts of people, health professionals and those who are not, and until recently was an issuewhich was not very important because the people thought that a child “chubby” was equal to a healthy child.
In Mexico, according to the National Nutrition Survey conducted in 1999, 27.5% of school-age children are overweight. Obese children have higher morbidity and mortality for children who are not.
According to a press release from 2006 of the Ministry of Health, the Department of PediatricEndocrinology, Hospital Infantile de Mexico "Federico Gomez” said that 40% of children in our country is overweight and obesity. This is due in large part to the genetic load that predisposes to overweight Mexican. The change of life that society has had both in their eating habits and physical activity is a major factor.

Obese children can suffer from hypertension, high cholesterol and insulinresistance from early childhood or puberty and continue with the risk in adulthood. In men, the risk of atherosclerosis, heart attacks, strokes, diabetes and colon cancer. Women however, are likely to suffer from degenerative arthritis, increased blood pressure in pregnancy and readiness of hip fractures.
Specialists from the National Institute of Pediatrics estimates that children with...
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