How stable was after its recovery?
In autumn 1918 the Allies had clearly won the war and offered Germany peace, which was in a state of chaos, butunder strict condition. One of these conditions was to become a more democratic country. The Kaiser refused and eventually abdicated his throne and left Germany giving Friedrich Ebert the chance ofbecoming the new leader of the Republic.
The new government depended on the German people accepting an almost instant change from the traditional system to a democratic one.
Ebert’s governmentfaced violent opposition from both left-wing and right-wing opponents. One left-wing group was a Communist party known as the Spartacists which were led by Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg. TheSpartacists wanted Germany ruled by worker councils or soviets. Fortunately Ebert’s ruthless measures against the Communists created lasting bitterness between them and his Socialist Party. However, it gainedapproval from many in Germany.
Ebert’s right-wing opponents were largely people who had grown up in the successful days of the Kaiser’s Germany. They wanted to expand territory, and to have anempire. In March 1920 Kapp led the Freikorps into Berlin in a rebellion, the Kapp Putsch. However, it was saved by the German people, especially the industrial workers in Berlin. They declared a strikewhich brought the capital to a halt with no transport, power or water and after a few days Kapp realized he could not succeed and left the country. It seemed as the Weimar Republic had support and power.The Treaty of Versailles destabilized Germany politically, but German people also blamed it for economic chaos. It forced them to pay reparations to the Allies; it was set at £6600 million (2% ofGermany’s annual output). By the second year of installment (1992) nothing was paid so in January 1923 French and Belgian troops entered the Ruhr and began to take what was owed to them in form of...