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King John's letters patent of 1207 announced the foundation of the borough of Liverpool, but by the middle of the 16th century the population was still only around 500.
Bythe start of the 19th century, 40% of the world's trade was passing through Liverpool and the construction of major buildings reflected this wealth. The population continued to rise rapidly, especiallyduring the 1840s when Irish migrants began arriving. By 1851, approximately 25% of the city's population was Irish-born. During the first part of the 20th century, Liverpool was drawing immigrantsfrom across Europe.
During the Second World War there were 80 air-raids on Merseyside, killing 2,500 people and causing damage to almost half the homes in the metropolitan area. Since 1952 Liverpool hasbeen twinned with Cologne, Germany, a city which also experienced aerial bombing during the war.
In the 1960s Liverpool was the centre of the "Merseybeat" sound which became synonymous with TheBeatles and fellow Liverpudlians rock bands.
From the mid-1970s onwards Liverpool's docks and traditional manufacturing industries went into sharp decline. In the early 1980s unemployment rates inLiverpool were among the highest in the UK. In recent years, Liverpool's economy has recovered and has experienced growth rates higher than the national average since the mid-nineties.
Capitalizing on thepopularity of 1960s rock groups, such as The Beatles, as well as the city's world-class art galleries, museums and landmarks, tourism has also become a significant factor in Liverpool's economy.
In2007 the city celebrated the 800th anniversary of the foundation of the borough of Liverpool, for which a number of events were planned. Liverpool is a joint European Capital of Culture for 2008.DEPORTES
Liverpool is home to two Premier League football clubs – Liverpool F.C. and Everton. Liverpool is the only English city to have staged top division football every single season since the...
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