Student: José Manuel García C.
Since time immemorial, indigenous peoples have identified the equinoxes and solstices,corresponding to the trajectory of the sun, looking at the behavior of their natural environment. According to these observations, annual calendars traced to lead aharmonious coexistence with nature. The deep Indian spirituality is directly related to nature is what gives life.
Key date in this conception of world is thewinter solstice, which marks the beginning of a new cycle of life. In the southern hemisphere this occurs in the month of June, between 20 and 24.
The wintersolstice is seen by indigenous peoples as a rebirth. Is the period of the year when nature renews itself. Has completed the harvest season and the rest of the necessaryland and is ready for its new time of fertility. Is about seeding. Soon, the shoots emerge from the earth, animals change their coats and the river draws rain andthaw. This moment is viewed as the time that "The sun began its return journey to Earth. Return the light, and with it, life in all its splendor.
The importanceof this relationship is expressed in the primary social, cultural and religious identity of indigenous peoples, always linked to the worship of nature, the elementsthat constitute the Sun (father sun), Earth (Mother Earth) trees like cinnamon and Araucaria and animals, all in this sacred world where life is the greatesttreasure
“The New Year is a time to be primary in nature and human life in harmony pacts, celebrating New Year's ritual ceremony or the start of a new cycle of life”.