Manual de ponedoras

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INTRODUCTION
Many years of genetic research have developed layers with excellent production traits like live ability, production and egg quality. These highly favourable genetic characteristics can only be fully realized when the bird is provided with good management, which includes, but is not limited to, good quality feed, housing and proper management practice. The purpose of this managementguide is to help the producer to gain the best possible results for their investment. This will be achieved by providing conditions in which the layers can thrive. The information supplied in this publication is based on the analysis of extensive research and field results, produced over time and with many years of experience. We do recognize that over time, many egg producers have developedtheir own management program, based on specific housing types, climate, feed, market conditions and other factors. These individual management techniques will also be the result of experience and many of these techniques will work for our layers as well. Therefore do not hesitate to use your own experience in conjunction with the guidelines in this guide. And of course, do not hesitate to consult ourdistributor who will be happy to help in any way they can.

Institut de Sélection Animale B.V. Villa ‘de Körver’ Spoorstraat 69 P.O. Box 114 5830 AC Boxmeer / The Netherlands T +31 485 319111 F +31 485 319112 Info.isa@hendrix-genetics.com www.isapoultry.com

General Management Guide Commercials

2009-10 Page | 1

CONTENT
REARING PERIOD:
GOOD BROODING CONDITIONS FOR THE BEST STARTING OFTHE CHICKS FROM 4 TO 16 WEEKS, BUILDING THE POTENTIAL OF THE FUTURE LAYER A GOOD FOLLOW UP WITH A WEEKLY CONTROL OF THE GROWTH BEAK TRIMMING: A DELICATE OPERATION GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF THE LIGHTING PROGRAMS IN REARING PERIOD LIGHTING PROGRAM IN DARK HOUSES LIGHTING PROGRAM IN HOT CLIMATE HOUSES LIGHTING PROGRAMS FOR SEMI-DARK HOUSES 3 5 8 10 13 15 17 20

PRODUCTION PERIOD:
TRANSFER AND START OFLAY GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF THE LIGHTING PROGRAMS
DURING THE PRODUCTION PERIOD

22 24

LIGHT INTENSITY MANAGEMENT AND RELATION WITH LIVEABILITY OVIPOSITION TIMES AND SHELL QUALITY ADJUSTING EGG WEIGHT TO MEET MARKET REQUIREMENTS

27 29 31 35 38

WATER: THE MOST CRITICAL NUTRIENT VACCINATION TECHNIQUES

General Management Guide Commercials

2009-10 Page | 2

Rearing period:
Goodbrooding conditions for the best starting of the chicks
The period from one day old to the point of first egg production is a critical time in the life of the laying hen. It is during this time that the physiological capability of the hen is developed. Success in the rearing period leads to the success in the laying house and it starts from chick arrival. All the standards and programs set forth inthis section have been proven to give excellent performances in production. Any delay in growth at 4-5 weeks will be reflected in a reduction in bodyweight at 16 weeks and then in performance, particularly in mean egg weight in temperate climates or a delay in start of lay in hot climates near the Equator. Equipment and environment Floor Age (wks) Ventilation Stocking densities 0–2 3 0,7 m 30 2–53 0,7 m 20 0–3 3 0,7 m 80 125 80 (1) Cages 3–5 3 Minimum per hour / kg 0,7 m 2 Birds / m 45 2 cm / Bird 220 Water supply Chicks / Chick drinker 75 Birds / drinker 75 75 Birds / nipple 10 10 10 (2) 10 (2) Feed supply Birds / Starting pan 50 (3) cm of trough feeders 4 4 2 4 Birds / Round feeder 35 35 (1): Place one additional drinker per cage for the first week (2): Make sure that all the birds haveat least an access to 2 nipples (3): Spread sheets of paper over the cage bottom to last for 7 days, remove one sheet every day Notes: - The removal of the supplementary starter drinkers should be done gradually, making sure that the chicks have acquired the habit of using the other drinkers. - It is useful to monitor water consumption. To maintain litter quality, it is necessary to avoid water...
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